Document Detail


Developmental defects and genomic instability after x-irradiation of wild-type and genetically modified mouse pre-implantation and early post-implantation embryos.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23032080     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Results obtained from the end of the 1950s suggested that ionizing radiation could induce foetal malformations in some mouse strains when administered during early pre-implantation stages. Starting in 1989, data obtained in Germany also showed that radiation exposure during that period could lead to a genomic instability in the surviving foetuses. Furthermore, the same group reported that both malformations and genomic instability could be transmitted to the next generation foetuses after exposure of zygotes to relatively high doses of radiation. As such results were of concern for radiation protection, we investigated this in more detail during recent years, using mice with varying genetic backgrounds including mice heterozygous for mutations involved in important cellular processes like DNA repair, cell cycle regulation or apoptosis. The main parameters which were investigated included morphological development, genomic instability and gene expression in the irradiated embryos or their own progeny. The aim of this review is to critically reassess the results obtained in that field in the different laboratories and to try to draw general conclusions on the risks of developmental defects and genomic instability from an exposure of early embryos to moderate doses of ionizing radiation. Altogether and in the range of doses normally used in diagnostic radiology, the risk of induction of embryonic death and of congenital malformation following the irradiation of a newly fertilised egg is certainly very low when compared to the 'spontaneous' risks for such effects. Similarly, the risk of radiation induction of a genomic instability under such circumstances seems to be very small. However, this is not a reason to not apply some precaution principles when possible. One way of doing this is to restrict the use of higher dose examinations on all potentially pregnant women to the first ten days of their menstrual cycle when conception is very unlikely to have occurred (the so-called ten-day rule), as already recommended by the Health Protection Agency. Such a precautionary attitude would also be supported by the uncertainties associated with later changes in gene expression which might result from irradiation or early embryos with moderate doses.
Authors:
P Jacquet
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of radiological protection : official journal of the Society for Radiological Protection     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1361-6498     ISO Abbreviation:  J Radiol Prot     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809257     Medline TA:  J Radiol Prot     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  R13-R36     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Radiobiology Unit, Molecular and Cellular Biology, Institute for Environment, Health & Safety, SCK⋅CEN, Boeretang 200, B-2400 Mol, Belgium.
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