Document Detail


Developmental changes in hypothalamic toll-like-receptor 4 mRNA expression and the effects of lipopolysaccharide on such changes in female rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25448126     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Hypothalamic pro-inflammatory cytokine expression exhibits a weaker response to lipopolysaccharides (LPS) during the early neonatal period than during the later developmental period. Although toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), which recognizes bacterial molecules, activates pro-inflammatory cytokine responses, the developmental changes in hypothalamic TLR4 expression have not been evaluated. In this study, the hypothalamic TLR4 mRNA levels of saline-injected and LPS-injected rats were measured during the neonatal, pre-pubertal, and post-pubertal periods. The rats' hypothalamic TLR4 mRNA levels gradually increased from the neonatal to pubertal period and were altered by the injection of LPS at all examined ages (postnatal day (PND) 5, 15, 25, and 42). LPS injection resulted in decreased hypothalamic TLR4 mRNA expression at PND5, whereas it increased hypothalamic TLR4 mRNA expression at PND15, 25, and 42. After the injection of LPS, the hypothalamic mRNA levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β, tumor necrosis factor α, and IL-6 were attenuated during the early developmental period and increased acutely on PND42. The expression profiles of these pro-inflammatory cytokines exhibited similar, but not entirely consistent, changes to those displayed by TLR4 during the developmental period. Hypothalamic TLR4 mRNA expression gradually increased throughout the developmental period, whereas the mRNA expression levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines increased acutely at PND42. Thus, it is assumed that hypothalamic TLR4 hypoactivity contributes to the low sensitivity of pro-inflammatory cytokines to LPS during the early developmental period.
Authors:
Takeshi Iwasa; Toshiya Matsuzaki; Altankhuu Tungalagsuvd; Munkhsaikhan Munkhzaya; Takako Kawami; Mikio Yamasaki; Masahiro Murakami; Takeshi Kato; Akira Kuwahara; Toshiyuki Yasui; Minoru Irahara
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-11-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of developmental neuroscience : the official journal of the International Society for Developmental Neuroscience     Volume:  40C     ISSN:  1873-474X     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Dev. Neurosci.     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-3    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8401784     Medline TA:  Int J Dev Neurosci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  12-14     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 ISDN. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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