Document Detail

Developmental Study Of The Distribution Of Hypoxia-Induced Factor-1 Alpha (HIF-1α) And Microtubule-Associated Protein 2 (MAP-2) in Children's Brainstem: Comparison Between Controls And Cases With Signs Of Perinatal Hypoxia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24780770     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Perinatal asphyxia and hypoxia are common causes of morbidity in neonates. Prenatal birth associated with hypoxemia often results in several disorders because of the lack of oxygen in the brain. Survival rates from perinatal hypoxia have improved, but appropriate treatments for recovery are still limited, with great impact on patients, their families, society in general and health systems. The aim of this work is to contribute to a better understanding of the cellular mechanisms underlying the brainstem responses to hypoxia. For this purpose, the distributions of two proteins, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) and microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP-2) were analyzed in the brainstems of 11 children, four of them showing neuropathological evidence of brain hypoxia. They were included in control or hypoxic groups, and then in several subgroups according to their age. Immunohistochemical labeling for these proteins revealed only cell bodies containing HIF-1α, and both cell bodies and fibers positive for MAP-2 in the children's brainstems. The distribution of HIF-1αwas more restricted than that of MAP-2, and it can be suggested that the expression of HIF-1α increased with age. The distribution pattern of MAP-2 in the medulla oblongata could be more due to age-related changes than to a response to hypoxic damage, whereas in the pons several regions, such as the nucleus ambiguus or the solitary nucleus, showed different immunolabeling patterns in controls and hypoxic cases. The distribution patterns of these two proteins suggest that some brainstem regions, such as the reticular formation or the central gray, could be less affected by conditions of hypoxia.
R Coveñas; J González-Fuentes; E Rivas-Infante; M J Lagartos-Donate; S Cebada-Sánchez; M M Arroyo-Jiménez; R Insausti; P Marcos
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-4-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuroscience     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-7544     ISO Abbreviation:  Neuroscience     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-4-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7605074     Medline TA:  Neuroscience     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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