Document Detail


Developmental effects of family environment on outcomes in pediatric cochlear implant recipients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23151776     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To examine and compare the family environment of preschool- and school-age children with cochlear implants and assess its influence on children's executive function and spoken language skills.
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective between-subjects design.
SETTING: Outpatient research laboratory.
PATIENTS: Prelingually deaf children with cochlear implants and no additional disabilities and their families.
INTERVENTION(S): Cochlear implantation and speech-language therapy.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Parents completed the Family Environment Scale and the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (or the preschool version). Children were tested using the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-4 and either the Preschool Language Scales-4 or the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals-4.
RESULTS: The family environments of children with cochlear implants differed from normative data obtained from hearing children, but average scores were within 1 standard deviation of norms on all subscales. Families of school-age children reported higher levels of control than those of preschool-age children. Preschool-age children had fewer problems with emotional control when families reported higher levels of support and lower levels of conflict. School-age children had fewer problems with inhibition but more problems with shifting of attention when families reported lower levels of conflict. School-age children's receptive vocabularies were enhanced by families with lower levels of control and higher levels of organization.
CONCLUSION: Family environment and its relation to language skills and executive function development differed across the age groups in this sample of children with cochlear implants. Because family dynamics is one developmental/environmental factor that can be altered with therapy and education, the present results have important clinical implications for family-based interventions for deaf children with cochlear implants.
Authors:
Rachael Frush Holt; Jessica Beer; William G Kronenberger; David B Pisoni
Related Documents :
17874706 - Effect of thoracolumbosacral orthoses on reachable workspace volumes in children with s...
25092836 - Children's health insurance program premiums adversely affect enrollment, especially am...
24473936 - Family poverty and trajectories of children's emotional and behavioural problems: the m...
15024536 - Coordinating degrees of freedom during interceptive actions in children.
2641646 - An epidemic of vibrio cholerae el tor inaba resistant to several antibiotics with a con...
11142306 - Economic injury levels for western flower thrips (thysanoptera: thripidae) on greenhous...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1537-4505     ISO Abbreviation:  Otol. Neurotol.     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-15     Completed Date:  2013-09-13     Revised Date:  2014-04-08    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100961504     Medline TA:  Otol Neurotol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  388-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Child
Child, Preschool
Cochlear Implantation / psychology*
Cochlear Implants*
Deafness / psychology,  surgery*
Educational Status
Family / psychology*
Female
Humans
Infant
Language Development
Male
Persons With Hearing Impairments / psychology
Social Environment*
Speech Perception / physiology
Treatment Outcome
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 DC009581/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; R01 DC009581/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; T32 DC000012/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS; T32 DC00012/DC/NIDCD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Air-conducted oVEMPs provide the best separation between intact and superior canal dehiscent labyrin...
Next Document:  Mobile Posturography: Posturographic Analysis of Daily-Life Mobility.