Document Detail

Development, validation and utilisation of food-frequency questionnaires - a review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12186666     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to provide guidance on the development, validation and use of food-frequency questionnaires (FFQs) for different study designs. It does not include any recommendations about the most appropriate method for dietary assessment (e.g. food-frequency questionnaire versus weighed record). METHODS: A comprehensive search of electronic databases was carried out for publications from 1980 to 1999. Findings from the review were then commented upon and added to by a group of international experts. RESULTS: Recommendations have been developed to aid in the design, validation and use of FFQs. Specific details of each of these areas are discussed in the text. CONCLUSIONS: FFQs are being used in a variety of ways and different study designs. There is no gold standard for directly assessing the validity of FFQs. Nevertheless, the outcome of this review should help those wishing to develop or adapt an FFQ to validate it for its intended use.
Janet Cade; Rachel Thompson; Victoria Burley; Daniel Warm
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1368-9800     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2002 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-08-20     Completed Date:  2002-11-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  567-87     Citation Subset:  IM    
Nutrition Epidemiology Group, Division of Public Health, Nuffield Institute for Health, 71-75 Clarendon Road, University of Leeds, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Data Collection / methods
Diet Records*
Diet Surveys
Nutrition Assessment
Questionnaires / standards*,  utilization
Reproducibility of Results

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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