Document Detail

Development and validation of a couples measure of biased responding: the Marital Aggrandizement Scale.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12067195     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
More than 30 years ago, Edmonds (1967) recognized the need for a couples measure of biased responding. Like other categories of self-report instruments, marital measures are believed to be highly susceptible to distortion. In this study, we describe the development of the Marital Aggrandizement Scale (MAS). For this study, item analyses were performed on a subset of responses (n = 200). A priori inclusion criteria were applied from which a set of 18 items was selected. Three phases of validation research establish the reliability and validity of responses to the MAS among an international sample of older married adults (n = 410). The concurrent and discriminant validity of responses to this scale is demonstrated vis-à-vis separate measures of biased responding, marital satisfaction, and psychological well-being. Internal consistency was calculated as alpha = .84. Test-retest reliability was calculated as r(200) = .80 over an average interval of 15 months. The challenge remains to identify factors associated with the etiology and maintenance of this construct. Subsequent research is required to identify correlates and antecedents of marital aggrandizement across populations over time.
Norm O'Rourke; Philippe Cappeliez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of personality assessment     Volume:  78     ISSN:  0022-3891     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pers Assess     Publication Date:  2002 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-17     Completed Date:  2002-12-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1260201     Medline TA:  J Pers Assess     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  301-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Gerontology Research Centre and Programs, Simon Fraser University at Harbour Centre, Vancouver, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological
Aged, 80 and over
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Marriage / psychology*
Mental Recall*
Middle Aged
Models, Psychological
Personal Satisfaction
Psychological Tests*
Reproducibility of Results

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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