Document Detail

Development and validation of the Combined Emotional and Affective Temperament Scale (CEATS): towards a brief self-rated instrument.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18817978     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Temperament relates to both emotional dimensions and prevailing mood, but these different views are rarely integrated. Based on a model where temperament works as a system with activation, inhibition and control (inspired in Cloninger's and Rothbart's models), which produce the affective tone (inspired by Akiskal's and Kraepelin's model), we developed and validated the Combined Emotional and Affective Temperament Scale (CEATS). METHODS: 1007 subjects (28% males) from the general population and university students filled in the instrument either in the Internet or in a pen and paper version. The CEATS has an emotional section (dimensional only), an Affective section (both dimensional and categorical) and an evaluation of problems and benefits related to temperament. The data was analyzed with standard psychometric batteries and different sections were compared. RESULTS: In the emotional section, 4 factors with Eingenvalue >1 explained 46% of the variation. These factors were interpreted as drive, control, disinhibition-fear and anger, had a normal distribution and had satisfactory Chronbach's alphas (0.70-0.82). Anger was particularly associated with problems and drive with benefits. In the Affective section, all 10 categorical affective temperaments were selected, being euthymic and hyperthymic the most prevalent (18-23%), followed by cyclothymic and irritable (11-13%), anxious and depressive (8-9%) and dysphoric, disinhibited, labile and apathetic temperaments (3-7%). The dimensional evaluation of affective temperaments showed 95% of the sample was able to ascribe to at least one affective temperament. Only the euthymic and hyperthymic temperaments were clearly associated with a favorable problem/benefit profile. The comparison between the emotional and affective sections revealed that each affective temperament had a particular emotional configuration. LIMITATIONS: Both computerized and pen and paper versions were used. The sample was not evaluated for psychiatric symptoms. Quantification of the dimensional assessment of affective temperament is limited. CONCLUSIONS: The CEATS is a brief and adequate instrument to evaluate emotional and affective aspects of temperament simultaneously.
Diogo R Lara; Taise M Lorenzi; Daniela L Borba; Luiz Carlos L Silveira; Caroline T Reppold
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-09-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of affective disorders     Volume:  111     ISSN:  0165-0327     ISO Abbreviation:  J Affect Disord     Publication Date:  2008 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-28     Completed Date:  2009-01-23     Revised Date:  2009-09-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7906073     Medline TA:  J Affect Disord     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  320-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Faculdade de Biociências, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Emotions / classification*
Factor Analysis, Statistical
Fear / psychology
Internet / statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Models, Psychological
Personality Assessment
Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data*
Reproducibility of Results
Students / psychology
Temperament / classification*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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