Document Detail

Development and validation of the Alcoholics Anonymous Intention Measure (AAIM).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19581057     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Drop-out from 12-step groups is notoriously high, yet the field lacks strong models and scales for addressing this problem. We aim to determine whether the theory of planned behavior (TPB) can be applied to 12-step involvement, and to develop and validate a scale of 12-step readiness based on that theory: the Alcoholics Anonymous Intention Measure (AAIM).
METHOD: Data were from a longitudinal trial of a manual-guided 12-step facilitation intervention called Making AA Easier (MAAEZ) involving two treatment programs in California (N=508). Participants completed surveys at baseline, 7 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months. Surveys included the preliminary AAIM, a 12-step involvement measure, other readiness measures, and substance use outcomes.
RESULTS: The final, 17-item AAIM measured Attitude (5-item alpha's=.75-.83), Subjective Norm (4-item alpha's=.56-.81), Perceived Control (5-item alpha's=.78-.85), and Intention (3-item alpha's=.80-.95) regarding attendance at 12-step groups. Components were correlated with each other and other readiness measures as expected, supporting the AAIM's validity. Scale components predicted 31% of the variance in Intention to attend 12-step groups at 6 months and 41% of the variance in 12-step involvement at 12 months. Social factors were among the strongest predictors of 12-step involvement. Results did not support the expectancy-value formulation of the TPB, as unweighted (vs. weighted) belief items performed optimally.
CONCLUSIONS: Results generally support the TPB as a model of 12-step involvement and suggest specific targets for 12-step facilitation interventions within attitude, norm, and control components. Findings also support the AAIM as a tool for identifying drop-out risks and tailoring individual interventions.
Sarah E Zemore; Lee Ann Kaskutas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Validation Studies     Date:  2009-07-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drug and alcohol dependence     Volume:  104     ISSN:  1879-0046     ISO Abbreviation:  Drug Alcohol Depend     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-17     Completed Date:  2009-10-28     Revised Date:  2013-06-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513587     Medline TA:  Drug Alcohol Depend     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  204-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Alcohol Research Group, Suite 400, Emeryville, CA 94608-1010, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Alcoholics Anonymous*
Alcoholism / psychology*
Middle Aged
Models, Psychological
Patient Compliance / psychology*
Psychological Theory
Psychometrics / instrumentation*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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