Document Detail

Development of an ultra mini-oxygenator for use in low-volume, buffer-perfused preparations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22505202     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Introduction: Small animal models are widely used in basic research. However, experimental systems requiring extracorporeal circuits are frequently confronted with limitations related to equipment size. This is particularly true for oxygenators in systems with limited volumes. Thus we aimed to develop and validate an ultra mini-oxygenator for low-volume, buffer-perfused systems. Methods: We have manufactured a series of ultra mini-oxygenators with approximately 175 aligned, microporous, polypropylene hollow fibers contained inside a shell, which is sealed at each of the two extremities to isolate perfusate and gas compartments. With this construction, gas passes through hollow fibers, while perfusate circulates around fibers. Performance of ultra mini-oxygenators (oxygen partial pressure (PO2 ), gas and perfusate flow, perfusate pressure and temperature drop) were assessed with modified Krebs-Henseleit buffer in an in vitro perfusion circuit and an ex vivo rat heart preparation. Results: Mean priming volume of ultra mini-oxygenators was 1.2±0.5 mL and, on average, 86±6% of fibers were open (n=17). In vitro, effective oxygenation (PO2=400-500 mmHg) was achieved for all flow rates up to 50 mL/min and remained stable for at least 2 hours (n=5). Oxygenation was also effective and stable (PO2=456±40 mmHg) in the isolated heart preparation for at least 60 minutes ("venous" PO2=151±11 mmHg; n=5). Conclusions: We have established a reproducible procedure for fabrication of ultra mini-oxygenators, which provide reliable and stable oxygenation for at least 60-120 min. These oxygenators are especially attractive for pre-clinical protocols using small, rather than large, animals.
Marion Berner; David Clément; Mathieu Stadelmann; Michael Kistler; Yves Boone; Thierry P Carrel; Hendrik T Tevaearai; Sarah L Longnus
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  The International journal of artificial organs     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1724-6040     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802649     Medline TA:  Int J Artif Organs     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  0     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Inselspital, Berne University Hospital and University of Berne, Berne - Switzerland.
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