Document Detail

Development of tricuspid regurgitation late after left-sided valve surgery: a single-center experience with long-term echocardiographic examinations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18371484     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the incidence and identify the predictors of significant tricuspid regurgitation (TR) development long after left-sided valve surgery. METHODS: Of 615 patients who underwent surgery for left-sided valve disease between 1992 and 1995, 335 patients without significant TR who completed at least 5 years of clinical and echocardiographic follow-up were enrolled. Late significant TR development was assessed by echocardiography with a mean follow-up duration of 11.6 +/- 2.1 years. RESULTS: Significant late TR was found in 90 patients (26.9%). Patients with late TR showed an advanced age (47.6 +/- 13.4 vs 44.3 +/- 13.2 years, P = .04), a higher prevalence of preoperative atrial fibrillation (83.3 vs 46.5%, P < .001), a greater left atrial dimension (56.9 +/- 13.2 vs 52.4 +/- 11.5 mm, P = .006), and a higher prevalence of prior valve surgery (40.0 vs 25.3%, P = .01). In addition, late TR occurred more frequently in patients who had undergone mitral valve surgery than in those who did not (93.3 vs 72.2%, P < .001). However, multivariate analysis showed that the presence of preoperative atrial fibrillation (odds ratio 5.37; 95% CI 2.71-10.65; P < .001) was the only independent factor of late TR development. Patients who developed late TR had a lower event-free survival rate than those who did not (P = .03). CONCLUSIONS: The development of significant TR long after left-sided valve surgery is not uncommon with an estimated incidence of 27% and is closely associated with a poor prognosis. The presence of preoperative atrial fibrillation was identified as the only independent predictor of the development of late TR.
Jae-Jin Kwak; Yong-Jin Kim; Min-Kyung Kim; Hyung-Kwan Kim; Jin-Shik Park; Kyung-Hwan Kim; Ki-Bong Kim; Hyuk Ahn; Dae-Won Sohn; Byung-Hee Oh; Young-Bae Park
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-02-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  American heart journal     Volume:  155     ISSN:  1097-6744     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Heart J.     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-28     Completed Date:  2008-04-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370465     Medline TA:  Am Heart J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  732-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Aortic Valve / surgery
Atrial Fibrillation / complications
Disease-Free Survival
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Valve Diseases / surgery*
Logistic Models
Middle Aged
Mitral Valve / surgery
Multivariate Analysis
Postoperative Complications* / epidemiology
Preoperative Care
Risk Factors
Stroke Volume
Time Factors
Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency / epidemiology,  etiology*

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