Document Detail


Development of a questionnaire to measure quality of life in adolescents with food allergy: the FAQL-teen.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21055662     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Living with food allergies affects quality of life (QOL) and may be particularly problematic for teenagers.
OBJECTIVE: To develop a validated food allergy QOL assessment tool for US adolescents (FAQL-teen).
METHODS: Initial items were developed through expert opinion, literature review, and adolescent focus groups, resulting in an 88-question impact assessment questionnaire. This questionnaire was completed by 52 adolescents for effect scoring; final instrument questions were determined through analysis of effect scores. The final 17-item instrument was completed by 203 participants aged 13 to 19 years via an Internet link on the Food Allergy & Anaphylaxis Network Web site and via paper surveys distributed at a Food Allergy & Anaphylaxis Network conference. Items were scored on a 7-point Likert scale: 0 corresponded to "not troubled/limited," 3 to "moderately troubled/limited," and 6 to "extremely troubled/limited."
RESULTS: Areas most troubling included limitations on social activities (score, 2.7), not being able to eat what others were eating (score, 2.7), and limited choice of restaurants (score, 3.9). Instrument validation steps showed strong internal validity (Cronbach α = .9). The instrument discriminated by disease severity: adolescents with a history of anaphylaxis had significantly lower QOL (higher scores) than did those without a history of anaphylaxis (P = .003).
CONCLUSIONS: While developing a food allergy QOL assessment tool for US adolescents (FAQL-teen), we identified multiple social and emotional concerns that could be targeted for adolescent counseling. This instrument is internally valid and has the ability to discriminate, making it a useful tool in adolescent food allergy studies.
Authors:
Elena S Resnick; Mariah M Pieretti; Jennifer Maloney; Sally Noone; Anne Muñoz-Furlong; Scott H Sicherer
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology     Volume:  105     ISSN:  1534-4436     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol.     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503580     Medline TA:  Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  364-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, New York 10029, USA. elena.resnick@mssm.edu
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