Document Detail

Development of an observational instrument to measure mother-infant separation post birth.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16138726     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The importance of the timing, quality, and quantity of early maternal-infant contact has gained prominence over the years. However, no researcher has adequately documented the nature of maternal-infant contact and separation. This study assessed the psychometric properties of the Index of Mother-Infant Separation (IMIS), pronounced "I miss," which is a 37-item observational measure of the process of mother-infant contact or separation post birth. Assessment of reliability and validity of the IMIS was conducted using data collected in a randomized clinical trial with 224 healthy newborn infants assigned at 1 hour post birth to self-regulatory or routine nursery care (control) groups. Time-sampled observations occurred every 15 minutes. Content validity indices of the IMIS, determined by nine nationally known perinatal experts, were 77% to 100% for instrument items. Construct validity was supported through known-groups hypothesis testing (p < .0001). Interrater reliability was from 86% to 90%. The IMIS is a valid observational measure of maternal contact when raters are trained to score it reliably.
Gene Cranston Anderson; Doreen Radjenovic; Sheau-Huey Chiu; Michael Conlon; Ann E Lane
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nursing measurement     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1061-3749     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nurs Meas     Publication Date:  2004  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-05     Completed Date:  2005-10-04     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9318902     Medline TA:  J Nurs Meas     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  215-34     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Feeding Behavior
Infant Behavior* / physiology,  psychology
Infant, Newborn
Maternal Behavior* / physiology,  psychology
Mother-Child Relations*
Observer Variation
Postpartum Period / physiology,  psychology
Psychological Techniques*
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Reproducibility of Results
Rooming-in Care
Southeastern United States
Spatial Behavior
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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