Document Detail


Development of muscularity and weight concerns in heterosexual and sexual minority males.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23316852     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To examine the development of muscularity and weight concerns among heterosexual and sexual minority males in adolescence.
METHOD: Participants were 5,868 males from the Growing Up Today Study, a U.S. prospective cohort spanning ages 9-25 years. Generalized estimating equations were used to test sexual orientation differences in the development of muscularity concerns, weight gain attempts, and weight and shape concern.
RESULTS: Desire for bigger muscles increased slightly each year across adolescence (β = .10, 95% C.I. = .09, .11) regardless of sexual orientation, but gay and bisexual participants reported greater desire for toned muscles than completely and mostly heterosexual males (β = .39, 95% C.I. = .21, .57). Desire for toned muscles did not change with age. Attempts to gain weight increased threefold across adolescence, with up to 30% reporting weight gain attempts by age 16. Although underweight males (the smallest weight status class) were most likely to attempt to gain weight, most of the observed weight gain attempts were by healthy (69%) and overweight/obese (27%) males, suggesting that most attempts were medically unnecessary and could lead to overweight. Sexual minority participants were 20% less likely to report weight gain attempts than completely heterosexual participants. Weight and shape concern increased with age, with gay and bisexual participants experiencing a significantly greater increase than heterosexual males.
CONCLUSIONS: Sexual orientation modifies the development and expression of male weight and muscularity concerns. The findings have implications for early interventions for the prevention of obesity and eating disorder risk in heterosexual and sexual minority males.
Authors:
Jerel P Calzo; Heather L Corliss; Emily A Blood; Alison E Field; S Bryn Austin
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1930-7810     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Psychol     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-15     Completed Date:  2013-08-26     Revised Date:  2014-01-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211523     Medline TA:  Health Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  42-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Body Composition*
Body Image*
Body Weight
Child
Heterosexuality / psychology
Humans
Male
Minority Groups / psychology
Overweight
Prospective Studies
Sexuality / psychology*
Thinness
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
6T71-MC00009//PHS HHS; DK46834/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; DK59570/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; F32 HD066792/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; F32HD066792/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; HD045763/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; HD057368/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; HD066963/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; HL03533/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS; K01 DA023610/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; K01DA023610/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; MH087786/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 DK046834/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 DK046834/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 HD045763/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD057368/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 MH087786/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 NS035336/NS/NINDS NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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