Document Detail

Development of infants' attention to faces during the first year.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19114280     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In simple tests of preference, infants as young as newborns prefer faces and face-like stimuli over distractors. Little is known, however, about the development of attention to faces in complex scenes. We recorded eye-movements of 3-, 6-, and 9-month-old infants and adults during free-viewing of clips from A Charlie Brown Christmas (an animated film). The tendency to look at faces increased with age. Using novel computational tools, we found that 3-month-olds were less consistent (across individuals) in where they looked than were older infants. Moreover, younger infants' fixations were best predicted by low-level image salience, rather than the locations of faces. Between 3 and 9 months of age, infants gradually focused their attention on faces. We discuss several possible interpretations of this shift in terms of social development, cross-modal integration, and attentional/executive control.
Michael C Frank; Edward Vul; Scott P Johnson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-12-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cognition     Volume:  110     ISSN:  1873-7838     ISO Abbreviation:  Cognition     Publication Date:  2009 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-26     Completed Date:  2009-04-10     Revised Date:  2013-06-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0367541     Medline TA:  Cognition     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  160-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave., Room 46-3037D, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Attention / physiology*
Child Development / physiology*
Cognition / physiology
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Photic Stimulation
Grant Support
R01 HD040432/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD040432-07/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD048733/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD048733-03/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

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