Document Detail

Development of in vivo ventilatory and single chemosensitive neuron responses to hypercapnia in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11504586     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We used pressure plethysmography to study breathing patterns of neonatal and adult rats acutely exposed to elevated levels of CO2. Ventilation (VE) increased progressively with increasing inspired CO2. The rise in VE was associated with an increase in tidal volume, but not respiratory rate. In all animals studied, the CO2 sensitivity (determined from the slope of the VE vs. inspired % CO2 curve) was variable on a day to day basis. Chemosensitivity was high in neonates 1 day after birth (P1) and fell throughout the first week to a minimum at about P8. Chemosensitivity rose again to somewhat higher values in P10 through adult rats. The developmental pattern of these in vivo ventilatory responses was different than individual locus coeruleus (LC) neuron responses to increased CO2. The membrane potential (V(m)) of LC neurons was measured using perforated patch (amphotericin B) techniques in brain slices. At all ages studied, LC neurons increased their firing rate by approximately 44% in response to hypercapnic acidosis (10% CO2, pH 7.0). Thus the in vivo ventilatory response to hypercapnia was not correlated with the V(m) response of individual LC neurons to hypercapnic acidosis in neonatal rats. These data suggest that CO2 sensitivity of ventilation in rats may exist in two forms, a high-sensitivity neonatal (or fetal) form and a lower-sensitivity adult form, with a critical window of very low sensitivity during the period of transition between the two (approximately P8).
C E Stunden; J A Filosa; A J Garcia; J B Dean; R W Putnam
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respiration physiology     Volume:  127     ISSN:  0034-5687     ISO Abbreviation:  Respir Physiol     Publication Date:  2001 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-08-15     Completed Date:  2001-10-04     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0047142     Medline TA:  Respir Physiol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  135-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Wright State University School of Medicine, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Animals, Newborn
Carbon Dioxide / pharmacology
Chemoreceptor Cells / drug effects,  physiology*
Hypercapnia / physiopathology*
Locus Coeruleus / cytology,  growth & development,  physiology
Lung / innervation,  physiology
Neurons / physiology*
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide

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