Document Detail

Development and implementation of hazard analysis and critical control point plans by several U.S. feed manufacturers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18095436     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The commitment to consumer food safety, global trade, and proposed new regulations by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Center for Veterinary Medicine has led to increased adoption of hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) by the U.S. feed industry. A project supported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture Integrated Food Safety Initiate titled "Development and Implementation of a Voluntary HACCP Program for the US Feed Industry" enabled faculty from three land grant universities to assist individuals from 14 feed companies that collectively manufacture 15 million metric tons of feed in 100 facilities to develop HACCP plans. The process flow in these plans averaged 20 steps, and the most detailed plan included 60 process steps. Chemical hazards were more commonly identified in HACCP plans (average of four hazards per plan) than were biological hazards (average of one per plan). The most prevalent chemical hazards were cross-contamination of type A medicated articles and type B medicated feeds, aflatoxin, and wrong ingredient inclusion in feed. The most common biological hazard was mammalian protein contamination of feed ingredients and finished feed for cattle. An assessment of time and costs associated with developing HACCP plans revealed that approximately 29% of the companies needed additional personnel or additional equipment to implement a HACCP plan, and on average 268 additional person hours were needed to develop and implement a HACCP plan. Plan design, compliance monitoring, and record keeping were the three most time-consuming activities needed for developing and implementing a HACCP plan. The average cost of additional equipment needed to implement a HACCP plan was $250.
Timothy J Herrman; Michael R Langemeier; Matt Frederking
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food protection     Volume:  70     ISSN:  0362-028X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Prot.     Publication Date:  2007 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-21     Completed Date:  2008-04-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703944     Medline TA:  J Food Prot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2819-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Office of the Texas State Chemist, Texas A&M University System, P.O. Box 3160, College Station, Texas 77841-3160, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Feed / microbiology*
Consumer Product Safety
Decision Trees
Food Contamination / prevention & control*
Food Handling / methods,  standards*
Food Inspection / methods,  standards
Food Microbiology*
Food-Processing Industry / methods,  standards*
Proportional Hazards Models
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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