Document Detail

Development of a guinea pig model of chorioamnionitis and fetal brain injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15507942     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a guinea pig model of chorioamnionitis to study the mechanisms that lead to fetal brain injury. Study design Pregnant guinea pigs at 70% gestation were inoculated intracervically with 1000 to 2500 colony-forming units of Escherichia coli. Guinea pigs were killed 2 to 3 days after bacterial inoculation. Maternal blood and fetal amniotic fluid samples were analyzed for proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1beta, and interleukin-6 levels with the use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. Fetal brains were stained for evidence of cell death with NeuroTacs stain. RESULTS: Of 34 maternal guinea pigs that were given an intracervical inoculation of E coli, 8 guinea pigs showed microbiologic evidence of chorioamnionitis in the amniotic fluid. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 were significantly higher (P<.05) in amniotic fluid samples that were obtained from sows that were subjected to intracervical inoculation with bacteria as compared with control animals (n=6 control maternal animals). These results were observed even if no bacteria were found subsequently on culture of the amniotic fluid from inoculated animals, which indicated that indirect exposure to infectious agents was sufficient to cause an elevated inflammatory response in the fetus. Levels of white matter injury were greater in fetuses that were exposed to bacterial infection in utero, as compared with control animals (P<.05). This result was found in the staining of periventricular and cortical white matter for the immunolabeling of activated caspase 3 and NeuroTacs staining for cells that exhibited evidence of apoptotic cell death (positive stain with evidence of karyorrhexis). CONCLUSION: Intracervical inoculation with E coli results in chorioamnionitis in guinea pigs that is associated with fetal brain injury.
Lindsay A Patrick; Laura M Gaudet; Anne E Farley; John P Rossiter; Lewis L Tomalty; Graeme N Smith
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  191     ISSN:  0002-9378     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-27     Completed Date:  2004-12-07     Revised Date:  2009-11-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1205-11     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Queen's University, Kingston General Hospital, 76 Stuart Street, Kingston, Ontario K7L 2V7, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Amniotic Fluid / chemistry
Brain / embryology*,  microbiology,  pathology*
Chorioamnionitis / complications*,  microbiology
Disease Models, Animal*
Escherichia coli Infections / complications
Guinea Pigs
Interleukin-6 / analysis
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Interleukin-6; 0/Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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