Document Detail

Development of fortified dried broken rice as a complementary food.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16465984     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Commercially produced dried broken rice is widely used to prepare complementary foods for Thai infants, and it is both convenient and acceptable to persons from all socioeconomic classes. However, inadequate levels of calcium, iron, thiamine, and folate are common in complementary foods for breastfed infants. OBJECTIVE: We developed dried broken rice fortified with these nutrients at levels recommended by the 2001 guidelines of the World Health Organization. METHODS: The fortification process involved predrying broken rice at 90 degrees C for 1 hour, soaking in a nutrient solution (2:1 ratio of rice to solution), and drying at 70 degrees C for 1 hour and 50 minutes. Calcium lactate or calcium lactate gluconate was the calcium source, and ferrous sulfate, ferrous lactate, or ferric sodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (NaFeEDTA) was the iron source. The vitamin sources were thiamine hydrochloride and folic acid. The product contained 40 mg of calcium, 5.3 mg of iron, 0.08 mg of thiamine, and 11 microg of folate per 20-g serving. RESULTS: Approximately 5% and 10% of calcium and iron, respectively, were lost during processing, with a thiamine loss of approximately 13%, and a folate loss ranging from 17% to 23%. The thiamine loss during accelerated storage (42 degrees C for three months) was not significant (p > .05). CONCLUSIONS: NaFeEDTA was the most appropriate iron fortificant because it provided prolonged product stability and high in vitro dialyzability.
Monthana Chitpan; Visith Chavasit; Ratchanee Kongkachuichai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food and nutrition bulletin     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0379-5721     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Nutr Bull     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-09     Completed Date:  2006-04-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7906418     Medline TA:  Food Nutr Bull     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  376-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Agro-Industry, Faculty of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand.
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MeSH Terms
Biological Availability
Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage,  pharmacokinetics
Dietary Supplements
Folic Acid / administration & dosage,  pharmacokinetics
Food Handling / methods*
Food, Fortified / analysis,  standards*
Infant Food / analysis,  standards*
Iron, Dietary / administration & dosage*,  pharmacokinetics
Nutritive Value
Oryza sativa* / chemistry
Thiamine / administration & dosage,  pharmacokinetics
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium, Dietary; 0/Iron, Dietary; 59-30-3/Folic Acid; 59-43-8/Thiamine

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