Document Detail

Development of form similarity as a Gestalt grouping principle in infancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12137134     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Given evidence demonstrating that infants 3 months of age and younger can utilize the Gestalt principle of lightness similarity to group visually presented elements into organized percepts, four experiments using the familiarization/novelty-preference procedure were conducted to determine whether infants can also organize visual pattern information in accord with the Gestalt principle of form similarity. In Experiments 1 and 2, 6- to 7-month-olds, but not 3- to 4-month-olds, presented with generalization and discrimination tasks involving arrays of X and O elements responded as if they organized the elements into columns or rows based on form similarity. Experiments 3 and 4 demonstrated that the failure of the young infants to use form similarity was not due to insufficient processing time or the inability to discriminate between the individual X and O elements. The results suggest that different Gestalt principles may become functional over different time courses of development, and that not all principles are automatically deployed in the manner originally proposed by Gestalt theorists.
Paul C Quinn; Ramesh S Bhatt; Diana Brush; Autumn Grimes; Heather Sharpnack
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological science     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0956-7976     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Sci     Publication Date:  2002 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-07-24     Completed Date:  2003-01-23     Revised Date:  2011-05-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9007542     Medline TA:  Psychol Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  320-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Washington & Jefferson College, Washington, PA 15301, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Child Development
Concept Formation / physiology
Form Perception / physiology*
Generalization (Psychology)
Gestalt Theory*
Random Allocation
Visual Perception / physiology

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