Document Detail


Development of expanded extrusion food products for an Advanced Life Support system.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11542245     Owner:  NASA     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Extrusion processing was proposed to provide texture and to expand the variety of cereal food products in an isolated Advanced Life Support (ALS) system. Rice, wheat, and soy are the baseline crops selected for growing during long-term manned space missions. A Brabender single-screw laboratory extruder (model 2003, L/D 20:1), equipped with round nozzles of various lengths, was used as a prototype of a small-size extruder. Several concepts were tested to extend the variety and improve the quality of the products, to decrease environmental loads, and to promote processing stability. These concepts include: the blending of wheat and soybean flour, the extrusion of a coarser rice flour, separation of wheat bran, and optimization of the extruder nozzle design. An optimal nozzle length has been established for the extrusion of rice flour. Bran separating was necessary to improve the quality of wheat extrudates.
Authors:
D V Zasypkin; T C Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Life support & biosphere science : international journal of earth space     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1069-9422     ISO Abbreviation:  Life Support Biosph Sci     Publication Date:  1999  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-10-30     Completed Date:  1999-10-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9431217     Medline TA:  Life Support Biosph Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  87-95     Citation Subset:  S    
Affiliation:
Department of Food Science, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8520, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Ecological Systems, Closed
Flour*
Food Handling
Food Technology*
Life Support Systems / instrumentation*
Oryza sativa*
Soybeans*
Space Flight
Triticum*
Investigator
Investigator/Affiliation:
H W Janes / Rutgers U, New Brunswick, NJ

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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