Document Detail


Development of an ex vivo model to study adherence of Mannheimia haemolytica serovar 1 to mucosal tissues of the respiratory tract of cattle.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11341408     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate an ex vivo model for study of adherence of Mannheimia haemolytica (formerly Pasteurella haemolytica) to respiratory tract mucosa of cattle and to use this model to confirm adherence of M haemolytica serovar 1 (Mh1) to several relevant respiratory mucosal surfaces. SAMPLE POPULATION: Excised nasal, nasopharyngeal, turbinate, and tonsillar mucosal tissue from the bovine upper respiratory tract. PROCEDURE: Mh1 was radiolabeled by use of tritiated leucine. Various concentrations of labeled bacteria were incubated with bovine upper respiratory tract tissues for various times. Tissue was washed to remove nonadherent bacteria, and percentage of bacteria adhered (percentage of adherence) was estimated using radioactivity. Using an optimal inoculum concentration and incubation time, percentage of Mh1 adherence was compared on nasal, nasopharyngeal, turbinate, and tonsillar mucosal tissue, and adherence to nasopharyngeal tissue was confirmed by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. RESULTS: The optimal Mh1 inoculum concentration was 1 X 10(7) colony forming units/ml and incubation time was 3 hours. Percentage of adherence of Mh1 to nasopharyngeal tissue was greater than adherence to other tissue types. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The ex vivo model maintained the functional and structural integrity of bovine upper respiratory tract mucosa, as confirmed by light and electron microscopy. Electron microscopy revealed participation of epithelial cell cilia and surface mucus in adherence of Mh1 to nasopharyngeal tissue. Adherence of Mh1 was confirmed in repeated assays, indicating that this organism adheres to upper respiratory tract mucosa of cattle.
Authors:
J M Clarke; R J Morton; C R Clarke; R W Fulton; J T Saliki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of veterinary research     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0002-9645     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Vet. Res.     Publication Date:  2001 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-05-08     Completed Date:  2001-10-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375011     Medline TA:  Am J Vet Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  805-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater 74078, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Bacterial Adhesion / physiology
Cattle
Male
Mannheimia haemolytica / physiology*,  ultrastructure
Microscopy, Electron / veterinary
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning / veterinary
Nasopharynx / microbiology,  ultrastructure
Pasteurellosis, Pneumonic / microbiology*,  pathology
Respiratory Mucosa / microbiology*,  pathology,  ultrastructure
Respiratory Tract Diseases / microbiology,  pathology,  veterinary*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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