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Development of corpus callosum in preterm infants is affected by the prematurity: in vivo assessment of diffusion tensor imaging at term-equivalent age.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21131895     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Callosal injury in preterm infants is a key factor affecting neurodevelopmental outcome. We investigated the characteristics of corpus callosum (CC) in preterm infants without apparent white matter lesions. We studied 58 preterm infants divided into three groups of 23-25, 26-29, and 30-33 wk GA. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was obtained at term-equivalent age. The CC was parcellated into the genu, body, isthmus, and splenium. We measured fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of each CC subdivision using tractography and manual region of interest analysis. The cross-sectional areas were also measured. At the isthmus and splenium in the 23-25 GA group, the FA was significantly lower and the size was also significantly reduced. Furthermore, the FA and cross-sectional areas in the posterior CC decreased linearly with decreasing GA. There were no differences in FA and cross-sectional areas in other CC subdivisions, and no differences in ADC in any CC subdivisions, among the GA groups. We demonstrated that preterm infants without apparent white matter lesions affect development of the posterior CC depending on the degree of prematurity. ABBREVIATIONS::
Authors:
Tatsuji Hasegawa; Kei Yamada; Masafumi Morimoto; Shigemi Morioka; Takenori Tozawa; Kenichi Isoda; Aki Murakami; Tomohiro Chiyonobu; Sachiko Tokuda; Akira Nishimura; Tsunehiko Nishimura; Hajime Hosoi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric research     Volume:  69     ISSN:  1530-0447     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr. Res.     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0100714     Medline TA:  Pediatr Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  249-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics [T.H., M.M., S.M., T.T., K.I., A.M., T.C., S.T., A.N., H.H.], Department of Radiology [K.Y., T.N.], Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto 602-8566, Japan.
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