Document Detail

Development and characterization of oleic acid vesicles for the topical delivery of fluconazole.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20235758     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Fatty acids have been widely used as adjuvant, vehicles in drug delivery viz penetration enhancers in topical delivery and in polymeric micelles to provide sustained release. However, the present investigation aims at exploring the potential of fatty acid vesicles for the topical delivery of fluconazole. Vesicles were prepared by film hydration method using oleic acid as a fatty acid principal component. Developed vesicles were characterized for size, size distribution, shape, in vitro release, pH dependent and storage stability, skin irritation study, and ex-vivo skin permeation. Penetration behavior of vesicles was further evaluated and elucidated using confocal microscopic study. Optical microscopy and TEM studies confirmed vesicular dispersion of fatty acid. The vesicles possessed higher entrapment efficiency (44.11%) with optimum vesicle size and homogeneity in regard to size distribution (PDI = 0.234 +/- 0.016) at 7:3 oleic acid-to-fluconazole ratio. In vitro drug release study suggested sustained release of drug from the vesicles. The release pattern followed Higuchian kinetics. The vesicles were fairly stable at refrigerated conditions. Ex-vivo skin permeation and confocal microscopic studies suggested that oleic acid vesicles penetrate the stratum corneum and retain the drug accumulated in the epidermal part of the skin. On the basis of sustained release behavior and skin retention it can be inferred that oleic acid vesicles can serve as a potential carrier for the topical localized delivery of bioactives.
Foziyah Zakir; Bhuvaneshwar Vaidya; Amit K Goyal; Basant Malik; Suresh P Vyas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drug delivery     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1521-0464     ISO Abbreviation:  Drug Deliv     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-19     Completed Date:  2010-11-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9417471     Medline TA:  Drug Deliv     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  238-48     Citation Subset:  IM    
Nanomedicine Research Center, ISF College of Pharmacy, Moga (Punjab), India.
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MeSH Terms
Administration, Topical
Drug Delivery Systems / methods*
Fluconazole / administration & dosage*,  chemistry*,  pharmacokinetics
Guinea Pigs
Oleic Acid / administration & dosage*,  chemical synthesis*,  pharmacokinetics
Skin Absorption / drug effects,  physiology
Reg. No./Substance:
112-80-1/Oleic Acid; 86386-73-4/Fluconazole

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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