Document Detail

Development and characterization of gelatin and ethylcellulose microparticles designed as platforms to delivery fluoride.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23034061     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Purpose: To develop and characterize microparticles containing fluoride sources (FS) from sodium fluoride, sodium monofluorophosphate (MFP) or aminofluoride and evaluate their characteristics as fluoride delivery systems. Methods: Ethylcellulose microparticles containing fluoride (EM) were prepared by emulsification of ethyl acetate dispersion containing polymer and FS (ethylcellulose:FS ratio of 1:0.25 wt/wt) with aqueous external phase containing polysorbate 80 (0.8% vol/vol) using the volume ratio (organic:aqueous) of 1:5. The organic solvent was evaporated; microparticles were collected by centrifuging, washed with deionized water and freeze-dried. Gelatin microparticles containing FS (GM) was obtained by dispersion of the natural polymer in water, adding FS (6:1 wt/wt) and 20% (wt/wt) of mannitol. The final dispersions were spray-dried. Particle morphology and size were investigated using optical microscopy. The content of fluoride ions in the microparticles was quantified using a potentiometric method. The encapsulation efficiency and in vitro release profile of fluoride was also determined. Results: Microparticles exhibited polydispersity and mean diameters <145.35 and <124.22 µm for EM and GM, respectively. Considering the entrapment efficiency, the spray-drying technique exhibited greater values than microencapsulation by emulsification and solvent evaporation. The release profile of fluoride ions from microparticles was shown to be modified, fitted first order and guided by Fickian diffusion. Conclusions: Microparticles prepared with ethylcellulose or gelatin can be used as platform for oral delivery of fluoride, providing a means to increase the local supply of this ion in a controlled manner, providing an increased protection against caries. Moreover, further investigations are needed to demonstrate this property in vivo.
Lizziane M B de Francisco; Juliana A Cerquetani; Marcos L Bruschi
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Drug development and industrial pharmacy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-5762     ISO Abbreviation:  Drug Dev Ind Pharm     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802620     Medline TA:  Drug Dev Ind Pharm     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Laboratory of Research and Development of Drug Delivery System, Graduate Program in Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacy, State University of Maringá , Maringá, Paraná , Brazil.
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