Document Detail


Development of biomotor characteristics and sprint and throw athletic abilities in six- to eight-year-old girls.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18982760     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of the study was to assess the effect of programmed physical education on biomotor changes in girls, and the impact of these changes on relations between the set of morphological and motor variables, and athletic variables evaluating the sprint and throw abilities. Study sample included 310 six- to eight-year-old girls, elementary school first-graders from the Split area, divided into control group (n = 138) attending regular physical education classes and experimental group (n = 172) attending programmed physical education classes based on the elements of athletics, apparatus gymnastics, games and general preparatory exercises. Relations between the predictor set of variables consisting of 4 morphological measures and 6 motor tests, and the sprint and ball throw criteria were determined by regression correlation analysis at the beginning and at the end of the academic year. Both groups achieved favorable quantitative result improvement between the two measurement points, however, the improvement was considerably more pronounced in experimental group, especially in the motor abilities of coordination, flexibility, movement frequency, and explosive, repetitive and static strength. On final measurement, the number of significant predictors for the criterion variables of sprint and ball throw increased from the initial measurement in both experimental and control group of subjects. In control group, trunk strength, explosive strength and movement frequency as motor abilities and body height as a morphological characteristic were found to be the best result predictors in sprint. In experimental group, coordination, flexibility, static arm strength and trunk strength as motor abilities were the best result predictors in sprint. In the study sample as a whole, explosive strength and trunk strength were identified as the best predictors of ball throw as a criterion variable. In experimental group, it was accompanied by muscle mass development and adipose tissue reduction. Based on comparison of these results and those obtained in previous studies, a new model of work in the athletics events of sprint and throw in elementary school physical education is proposed.
Authors:
Nebojsa Zagorac; Edvard Retelj; Vesna Babić; Tonci Bavcević; Ratko Katić
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Collegium antropologicum     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0350-6134     ISO Abbreviation:  Coll Antropol     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-11-05     Completed Date:  2008-12-18     Revised Date:  2009-02-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003354     Medline TA:  Coll Antropol     Country:  Croatia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  843-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Split, Croatia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Athletic Performance*
Child
Female
Growth and Development / physiology*
Humans
Motor Activity / physiology*
Physical Education and Training*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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