Document Detail

Development of biomotor characteristics and athletic abilities of sprint and throw in boys aged six to eight years.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18756892     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this research was to examine the influences of specially programmed physical education lessons on biomotor development in boys, as well as the influence of those changes on relations between the set of morphological and motor variables and athletic variables for the assessment of sprint and throw abilities. For this purpose, an overall sample of 325 primary school first grade pupils from the city of Split area, aged 6-8 years, was divided into control group of subjects (N=140) attending regular physical education lessons and experimental group attending specially programmed lessons based on athletics, sports gymnastics and games elements as well as on general preparatory exercises. The relations between the predictor set of variables composed of 4 morphological measurements and 6 motor tests with the criteria of sprint and ball throwing were established by the regression correlation analysis at the beginning and at the end of the academic year Both groups of subjects achieved positive quantitative resultant shift between the two points of measurements, whereas this shift was more significant in the experimental group in relation to the control group, especially in motor abilities coordination of flexibility, movement frequency and of explosive, repetitive and static strength. The number of significant predictors for criteria variables of sprint and ball throwing increased in the final measurement in relation to the first one in both groups of subjects. While in the control group the best results predictor in sprint were the motor abilities of explosive strength and trunk strength, the best results predictor in sprint in the experimental group were coordination, trunk strength, flexibility and explosive strength. As far as the morphological characteristics are concerned muscle mass has a positive and body mass a negative effect on the sprint result. The best results predictor in ball throwing are explosive strength and trunk strength which, in the experimental group of pupils are additionally followed by coordination development as well as the overall body mass development. By comparison of these and the earlier obtained results, a new work model for the disciplines of sprint and throws within the athletic sport school, has been proposed.
Tonci Bavcević; Nebojsa Zagorac; Ratko Katić
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Collegium antropologicum     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0350-6134     ISO Abbreviation:  Coll Antropol     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-01     Completed Date:  2008-09-30     Revised Date:  2009-02-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003354     Medline TA:  Coll Antropol     Country:  Croatia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  433-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Faculty of Natural Sciences, Mathematics and Kinesiology, University of Split, Split, Croatia.
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MeSH Terms
Body Size
Motor Skills / physiology*
Physical Education and Training
Sports / physiology*

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