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Development of an albuminous reactive oxygen species assay for photosafety evaluation under experimental biomimetic conditions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23355082     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) from an ultraviolet (UV)-exposed chemical can be an experimental indicator of phototoxic potential. The aim of the present study was to develop a new ROS assay using serum albumin to provide photosafety assessment under experimental biomimetic conditions. To assess assay robustness, a validation study on an albuminous ROS (aROS) assay was conducted with a focus on intra- and inter-day precisions and Z'-factor reflecting both the assay signal-to-noise ratio and variation associated with signal measurements. In the aROS assay on quinine HCl (200 µM), a typical phototoxic drug, both intra- and inter-day precisions (coefficient of variation; CV) were found to be below 4%, and the Z'-factors for singlet oxygen and superoxide suggested a large separation band between samples and blank signals. To evaluate the prediction capacity, the aROS and ROS assays were applied to 21 phototoxins and 10 non-phototoxic chemicals. Upon aROS assay on these model chemicals, the individual specificity was 100%, and the positive and negative predictivities were found to be 100% and 81.8%, respectively. The aROS assay can be employed for poorly soluble chemicals for which the ROS assay is unavailable. Comparing the ROS assay data, there seemed to be a photochemical transition of some chemicals in albuminous solution. A molecular interaction between albumin and chemical was also assessed by UV and fluorescent spectroscopic analyses, and the results suggested the limited relationship between the albumin-chemical interaction and the photochemical change. The aROS assay may allow photosafety assessment of new drug entities with a wide range of applicability partly under experimental biomimetic conditions. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Authors:
Satomi Onoue; Masashi Kato; Shizuo Yamada
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied toxicology : JAT     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1099-1263     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Toxicol     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8109495     Medline TA:  J Appl Toxicol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, 52-1 Yada, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka, 422-8526, Japan.
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