Document Detail

Development of aerodynamic aspects in children's voice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7782176     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To determine the changes with increasing age in children this study measured the air flow and the acoustic signal in children aged 4-15 years. The subglottal pressure was estimated from the intraoral pressure during the phonation of the word 'ipipi'. From these parameters the glottal resistance and the glottal efficiency were calculated. Since these parameters depend on the sound pressure level, a linear regression of the parameters versus the sound pressure level was done, and the values for 75 dB SPL were taken for statistical analysis. The study found a subglottal pressure in younger children between 6 and 10 cm water column, which seemed to diminish with age. The phonatory flow rate was between 50 and 150 ml/s in younger children, which seemed to increase with age. The glottal resistance did not depend on age, values of 20-250 Ns/m5 at a sound pressure level of 75 dB exceed those for adults given in the literature. The measurements for the glottal efficiency showed a broad variability between 20 ppm and 400 ppm.
A Keilmann; C A Bader
Related Documents :
2337316 - Time-related changes in the guinea pig cochlea after acoustic overstimulation.
19355086 - Lung hemorrhage produced by exposure to underwater acoustic impulses.
12558256 - Reynolds number effects on flow/acoustic mechanisms in spherical windscreens.
6936096 - Velar stretch as a function of task.
24862386 - The accuracy of goldmann applanation tonometry over silicone hydrogel contact lenses in...
8319986 - Role of pressure natriuresis in long-term control of renal electrolyte excretion.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0165-5876     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.     Publication Date:  1995 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-07-20     Completed Date:  1995-07-20     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003603     Medline TA:  Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol     Country:  IRELAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  183-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Arztin für Hals-Nasen-Ohrenheilkunde, Phoniatrie und Pädaudiologie, Universitäts-Hals-Nasen-Ohrenklinik, Mannheim, Germany.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Aging / physiology*
Air Pressure
Body Height
Child, Preschool
Glottis / physiology
Linear Models
Mouth / physiology
Speech Acoustics
Voice / physiology*
Voice Quality / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Screening for neonatal and infant deafness in Europe in 1992.
Next Document:  Word-initial voicing in the productions of stops in normal and preterm Italian infants.