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Development of two isogenic sweet corn hybrids differing for glycinebetaine content.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16667120     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
A hybrid of sweet corn, Zea mays L. (;1720'; Rogers Brothers Seed Co.), was found to be comprised of glycinebetaine-positive and glycinebetaine-deficient individuals in a 1:1 mixture. This phenomenon was traced to segregation for a single, nuclear, dominant gene determining leaf glycinebetaine content within the female inbred parent of this hybrid. Selection for homozygous recessive (glycinebetaine-deficient) and homozygous dominant (glycinebetaine-positive) genotypes of the female inbred parent enabled production of two isogenic versions of hybrid ;1720' differing with respect to a single copy of the dominant allele, by mating these female parent selections with the common homozygous recessive (glycinebetaine-deficient) male parent. These two isogenic hybrids are shown to differ by a factor of 300- to 400-fold in glycinebetaine titer of young expanding leaves of salinized plants, but exhibit no striking differences in the levels of free amino acids or the level of N-methylnicotinic acid (nicotinic acid betaine; trigonelline). The only significant difference between the two hybrids in terms of amino acid composition was found to be in the level of alanine under nonsalinized conditions. The betaine-deficient hybrid exhibited a 14% lower alanine level than the betaine-positive hybrid. Betaine deficiency was not associated with altered stress-induced accumulation of amino acids such as proline, serine, and asparagine plus aspartate, attesting to the high specificity of the genetic difference between these isogenic hybrids with respect to betaine accumulation. This germplasm offers unique opportunities to test whether a single dominant allele determining stress-induced betaine accumulation capacity influences stress resistance in maize.
D Rhodes; P J Rich; D G Brunk; G C Ju; J C Rhodes; M H Pauly; L A Hansen
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant physiology     Volume:  91     ISSN:  0032-0889     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Physiol.     Publication Date:  1989 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-29     Completed Date:  2010-06-29     Revised Date:  2010-09-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401224     Medline TA:  Plant Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1112-21     Citation Subset:  -    
Center for Plant Environmental Stress Physiology, Department of Horticulture, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907.
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