Document Detail

Development of the ETOC: a European test of olfactory capabilities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14579654     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A number of smell tests designed to evaluate human olfactory capabilities have been published, but none have been validated cross-culturally. The aim of this study was therefore to develop a reliable and quick olfactory test that could be used to evaluate efficiently the olfactory abilities of a European population. This test, named ETOC and based on a combination of a supra-threshold detection task and an identification task, was designed to be a cross-cultural tool that would measure the decline in olfactory performance with ageing. Two versions of the ETOC, one easy and one less easy, were used to test the olfactory performance of European citizens in three countries (France, Sweden and the Netherlands). The results indicated that neither version of the ETOC is culture-dependent, and that both give scores that well reflect the decrease in olfactory abilities with increasing age. A retest session showed that the less easy (and final) version of the ETOC is also highly reliable.
Thierry Thomas-Danguin; Catherine Rouby; Gilles Sicard; Michel Vigouroux; Vincent Farget; Anna Johanson; Annika Bengtzon; Gunnar Hall; Wieke Ormel; Cees De Graaf; Florence Rousseau; Jean-Pierre Dumont
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Rhinology     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0300-0729     ISO Abbreviation:  Rhinology     Publication Date:  2003 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-10-28     Completed Date:  2003-12-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0347242     Medline TA:  Rhinology     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  142-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Université Claude Bernard LYON 1, CNRS UMR 5020, 50 avenue Tony Garnier, 69366 Lyon, France.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Aged, 80 and over
Aging / physiology*
Middle Aged
Olfaction Disorders / diagnosis*
Predictive Value of Tests
Reproducibility of Results
Smell / physiology*

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