Document Detail


Development of a computer-based survey instrument for organophosphate and N-methyl-carbamate exposure assessment among agricultural pesticide handlers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20413416     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Assessment of occupational pesticide exposures based on self-reported information can be challenging, particularly with immigrant farm worker populations for whom specialized methods are needed to address language and cultural barriers and account for limited literacy. An audio computer-assisted self-interview (A-CASI) survey instrument was developed to collect information about organophosphate (OP) and N-methyl-carbamate (CB) exposures and other personal characteristics among male agricultural pesticide handlers for an ongoing cholinesterase biomonitoring study in Washington State.
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of collecting data using the A-CASI instrument and evaluate reliability for a subset of survey items.
METHODS: The survey consisted of 64 items administered in Spanish or English on a touch-screen tablet computer. Participants listened to digitally recorded questions on headphones and selected responses on the screen, most of which were displayed as images or icons to facilitate participation of low literacy respondents. From 2006-2008, a total of 195 participants completed the survey during the OP/CB application seasons on at least one occasion. Percent agreement and kappa coefficients were calculated to evaluate test-retest reliability for selected characteristics among 45 participants who completed the survey on two separate occasions within the same year.
RESULTS: Almost all participants self-identified as Hispanic or Latino (98%), and 97% completed the survey in Spanish. Most participants completed the survey in a half-hour or less, with minimal assistance from on-site research staff. Analyses of test-retest reliability showed substantial agreement for most demographic, work history, and health characteristics and at least moderate agreement for most variables related to personal protective equipment use during pesticide applications.
CONCLUSIONS: This A-CASI survey instrument is a novel method that has been used successfully to collect information about OP/CB exposures and other personal characteristics among Spanish-speaking agricultural pesticide handlers.
Authors:
Jonathan N Hofmann; Harvey Checkoway; Ofelio Borges; Flor Servin; Richard A Fenske; Matthew C Keifer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.     Date:  2010-04-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of occupational hygiene     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1475-3162     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Occup Hyg     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-10     Completed Date:  2011-12-01     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0203526     Medline TA:  Ann Occup Hyg     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  640-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, 98195-7236, USA. hofmannjn@mail.nih.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Agricultural Workers' Diseases / epidemiology
Agriculture / statistics & numerical data*
Carbamates / analysis*
Computers
Educational Status
Feasibility Studies
Health Status
Health Surveys*
Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data
Humans
Insecticides / analysis*
Male
Middle Aged
Occupational Exposure / prevention & control,  statistics & numerical data*
Organophosphates / analysis
Protective Devices
Reproducibility of Results
Transients and Migrants / statistics & numerical data
Washington / epidemiology
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P30-ES07033/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; P42-ES04696/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; T32-ES07262/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; T42-OH008433-01/OH/NIOSH CDC HHS; U50-OH07544/OH/NIOSH CDC HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carbamates; 0/Insecticides; 0/Organophosphates; 6414-57-9/N-methylcarbamate
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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