Document Detail

Development of Australian Reference Ranges for the Left Fetal Modified Myocardial Performance Index and the Influence of Caliper Location on Time Interval Measurement.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22759698     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Objectives: To construct gestational age-adjusted reference ranges of the left fetal modified myocardial performance index (Mod-MPI) in the Australian population and assess the influence of valve click caliper position on constituent time intervals and the Mod-MPI. Methods: This is a prospective longitudinal study of 117 normal singleton fetuses undergoing 318 ultrasound scans at 4-6 weekly intervals between 18 and 38 weeks of gestation. The isovolumetric contraction time (ICT), isovolumetric relaxation time (IRT), and ejection time (ET) were measured at 3 different caliper positions in each fetus: beginning of the original valve clicks ('original'), beginning of the reflected valve clicks ('reflected'), and peak of valve clicks ('peak'). The Mod-MPI was calculated as (ICT + IRT)/ET. Results: The Mod-MPI increased throughout gestation with means ± SD of 0.42 ± 0.05 'reflected' and 'peak' versus 0.49 ± 0.03 'original' at 19 weeks, and means of 0.46 ± 0.05 'reflected and peak' versus 0.51 ± 0.08 'original' at 36 weeks. Throughout gestation, ICT remained fairly constant and IRT increased, while ET decreased with 'original' click and remained constant for 'reflected' and 'peak' clicks. A modest increase in Mod-MPI was seen with increasing fetal heart rate. Analysis of repeatability for the 3 methods showed the following ICCs: 'original', 0.797 (95% CI 0.762-0.829); 'reflected', 0.809 (95% CI 0.775-0.839), and 'peak', 0.799 (95% CI 0.764-0.831). Conclusions: Detailed exploration of the morphology of mitral and aortic valve closure and opening clicks shows how selection of different phases of these clicks may significantly influence the Mod-MPI. We recommend that the peak of the valve clicks be standardized between research groups.
N Meriki; A W Welsh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Fetal diagnosis and therapy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1421-9964     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9107463     Medline TA:  Fetal Diagn Ther     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
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