Document Detail

Developing object concepts in infancy: an associative learning perspective.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18346226     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We present a domain-general framework called constrained attentional associative learning to provide a developmental account for how and when infants form concepts for animates and inanimates that encapsulate not only their surface appearance but also their movement characteristics. Six simulations with the same general-purpose architecture implement the features of the theory to model infant behavior in learning about objects' motion trajectory, their causal role, their onset of motion, and the initial mapping between a label and a moving object. Behavioral experiments with infants tested novel hypotheses generated by the model, showing that verbal labels initially may be associated with specific features rather than overall shape. Implications of the framework and model are discussed in relation to the mechanisms of early learning, the development of the animate-inanimate distinction, and the nature of development in the first years of life.
David H Rakison; Gary Lupyan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development     Volume:  73     ISSN:  1540-5834     ISO Abbreviation:  Monogr Soc Res Child Dev     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-18     Completed Date:  2008-08-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7508397     Medline TA:  Monogr Soc Res Child Dev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  vii, 1-110     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Child Development*
Concept Formation*
Form Perception*
Infant, Newborn
Models, Psychological
Motion Perception*
Comment In:
Monogr Soc Res Child Dev. 2008;73(1):120-7   [PMID:  18546591 ]
Monogr Soc Res Child Dev. 2008;73(1):111-9   [PMID:  18546590 ]

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