Document Detail

Developing a model based decision support tool for the identification of sustainable treatment options for domestic wastewater.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11385856     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To enable decision makers to select sustainable wastewater treatment systems, insight into the sustainability of a wide variety of systems should be provided in a transparent way leaving room for adaptation and interpretation according to the local situation. To provide this insight a structured methodology comparing wastewater treatment systems with respect to sustainability is defined. Similar to life cycle assessment (LCA) three phases can be distinguished: (1) goal and scope definition, (2) inventory analysis, and (3) optimisation and results. In the goal and scope definition we set the system boundaries to include most of the water cycle and part of the food cycle. Furthermore, we defined a multi-disciplinary set of sustainability indicators including technical, economic, environmental, and socio-cultural aspects. In the inventory analysis these sustainability indicators are quantified using simple static models of wastewater unit operations. Selection of unit operations results in a model of a complete wastewater treatment system. In the optimisation phase the decision maker can weigh the different sustainability indicators and select sustainable options through integer programming.
A J Balkema; H A Preisig; R Otterpohl; A J Lambert; S R Weijers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0273-1223     ISO Abbreviation:  Water Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2001  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-06-01     Completed Date:  2001-10-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9879497     Medline TA:  Water Sci Technol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  265-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Systems and Control Group, Faculty of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Decision Support Techniques
Models, Theoretical*
Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods*
Water Purification / methods
Water Supply / standards*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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