Document Detail


Developing the art of scientific presentation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23174073     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: Few guidelines exist regarding the most effective approach to scientific oral presentations. Our purpose is to (1) develop a standardized instrument to evaluate scientific presentations based on a comprehensive review of the available literature regarding the components and organization of scientific presentations and (2) describe the optimal characteristics of scientific presentations.
METHODS: At the Sixty-sixth (2011) Annual Meeting of the American Society for Surgery of the Hand, 69 presentations were evaluated by at least 2 independent observers. A rating instrument was developed a priori to examine presentation content (background, methods, results, and conclusions), presentation style (speech, structure, delivery, slide aesthetics), and overall quality. We examined correlations between reviewers' ratings of each component as well as overall perceived quality of the presentation using regression analysis. Intraclass correlation coefficients were calculated to measure the degree of variation because of reviewer disagreement and identify the aspects of presentations that contribute to overall quality.
RESULTS: Reviewer agreement was high for presentation content, and less than 1% of variation was caused by reviewer disagreement for background, methods, and conclusions. With respect to presentation style, reviewers agreed most frequently regarding speech and slide appearance, and only 9% and 13%, respectively, of the variation was caused by reviewer disagreement. Disagreement was higher for delivery and presentation structure, and 21% of the variation was attributable to reviewer disagreement. Speaker delivery and slide appearance were the most important predictors of presentation quality, followed by the quality of the presentation of conclusions and background information. Presentation of methods and results were not associated with overall presentation quality.
CONCLUSIONS: Distinct aspects of presentation content and style correlate with quality, which can be reliably and objectively measured. By focusing on selected concepts with visually simple slides, speakers can enhance their delivery and may potentially improve the audience's comprehension of the study findings.
TYPE OF STUDY/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Economic and decision analysis III.
Authors:
Jennifer F Waljee; Bradley P Larson; Kate Wan-Chu Chang; Shimpei Ono; Amy L Holland; Steven C Haase; Kevin C Chung
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of hand surgery     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1531-6564     ISO Abbreviation:  J Hand Surg Am     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7609631     Medline TA:  J Hand Surg Am     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2580-2588.e2     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Section of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, and the Department of Neurosurgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI; and Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: filip@med.umich.edu.
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