Document Detail

Determination of positional skin-surface pressures in premature infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14974767     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To describe the skin-surface pressure distributions and points of maximal pressure that are generated by healthy premature infants in the supine, prone, and right side-lying positions. DESIGN: A descriptive, repeated-measures design. SAMPLE: Four medically stable premature infants of 34 weeks postconceptional age. The mean weight was 2,180 gm, and the mean age was 24.5 days. RESULTS: Similar regions of increased skin-surface pressures were identified for the four infants. Within areas of peak pressure, some sensor cells reached 28-32 millimeters of mercury, which is considered to be the critical compressive pressure for obstruction of nutritive flow to the underlying body tissues. These descriptive results may be a starting point for development of research studies to determine positioning strategies to optimize the skin integrity of premature infants while minimizing unnecessary handling.
Lenora Marcellus
Related Documents :
20948027 - Congenital leukaemia presenting with skin nodules.
7316557 - Dysplastic cutaneous osteomatosis. a unique case of true osteoma.
6651317 - Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis in children. report of two cases in male infants.
21642947 - A role of stretch-activated potassium currents in the regulation of uterine smooth musc...
8127577 - Ocular and optic nerve hemorrhages in abused infants with intracranial injuries.
1923187 - The cost of maternal cocaine abuse: i. perinatal cost.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neonatal network : NN     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0730-0832     ISO Abbreviation:  Neonatal Netw     Publication Date:    2004 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-02-20     Completed Date:  2004-04-22     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503921     Medline TA:  Neonatal Netw     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  25-30     Citation Subset:  N    
University of Alberta.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Clinical Nursing Research
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*
Posture / physiology*
Pressure Ulcer / nursing,  physiopathology*,  prevention & control*
Skin Physiological Phenomena*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Neonatal HIV infection.
Next Document:  Recognizing and managing violence in the NICU.