Document Detail


Determination of positional skin-surface pressures in premature infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14974767     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To describe the skin-surface pressure distributions and points of maximal pressure that are generated by healthy premature infants in the supine, prone, and right side-lying positions. DESIGN: A descriptive, repeated-measures design. SAMPLE: Four medically stable premature infants of 34 weeks postconceptional age. The mean weight was 2,180 gm, and the mean age was 24.5 days. RESULTS: Similar regions of increased skin-surface pressures were identified for the four infants. Within areas of peak pressure, some sensor cells reached 28-32 millimeters of mercury, which is considered to be the critical compressive pressure for obstruction of nutritive flow to the underlying body tissues. These descriptive results may be a starting point for development of research studies to determine positioning strategies to optimize the skin integrity of premature infants while minimizing unnecessary handling.
Authors:
Lenora Marcellus
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neonatal network : NN     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0730-0832     ISO Abbreviation:  Neonatal Netw     Publication Date:    2004 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-02-20     Completed Date:  2004-04-22     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503921     Medline TA:  Neonatal Netw     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  25-30     Citation Subset:  N    
Affiliation:
University of Alberta. smarcellus@telus.net
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Clinical Nursing Research
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*
Male
Posture / physiology*
Pressure
Pressure Ulcer / nursing,  physiopathology*,  prevention & control*
Skin Physiological Phenomena*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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