Document Detail

Determination of optimal load during the power clean in collegiate athletes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22190161     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Although previous research has been performed in similar areas of study, the optimal load for the development of peak power during training remains controversial, and this has yet to be established in collegiate level athletes. The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal load to achieve peak power output during the power clean in collegiate athletes. Nineteen male collegiate athletes (age 21.5 ± 1.4 years; height 173.86 ± 7.98 cm; body mass 78.85 ± 8.67 kg) performed three repetitions of power cleans, while standing on a force platform, using loads of 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 and 80% of their pre-determined 1-RM power clean, in a randomized, counter-balanced order. Peak power output occurred at 70% 1-RM (2951.7 ± 931.71 W), which was significantly greater than the 30% (2149.5 ± 406.98W, p=0.007), 40% (2201.0 ± 438.82 W, p=0.04) and 50% (2231.1 ± 501.09 W, p=0.05) conditions, although not significantly different when compared to the 60% and 80% 1-RM loads. In addition, force increased with an increase in load, with peak force occurring at 80% 1-RM (1939.1 ± 320.97 N), which was significantly greater (p<0.001) than the 30, 40, 50 and 60% 1-RM loads, but not significantly greater (p>0.05) than the 70% 1-RM load (1921.2 ± 345.16 N). In contrast there was no significant difference (p>0.05) in rate of force development across loads. When training to maximize force and power it may be advantageous to use loads equivalent to 60-80% of 1-RM, in collegiate level athletes.
Paul Comfort; Caroline Fletcher; John J McMahon
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1533-4287     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Human Performance Laboratory, University of Salford, Frederick Road, Salford, Greater Manchester. M6 6PU. United Kingdom.
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