Document Detail


Determination of left ventricular ejection fraction using ultrafast computed tomography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3739886     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We evaluated ultrafast CT as a method to measure left ventricular ejection fraction in 16 adults with congenital or acquired heart disease who underwent cardiac catheterization. CT scanning of the left ventricle was performed at 4 to 12 adjacent 1 cm levels (depending on heart size) at 50 msec/scan for one cardiac cycle, with the table positioned with an axial tilt of 10 to 20 degrees and a lateral slew of 5 to 10 degrees to best approximate the long axis of the left ventricle. Image enhancement was achieved by an injection of 25 ml of Renografin-76 via a peripheral vein, with scanning timed to coincide with maximal enhancement of the left ventricular cavity. Ejection fraction was computed by measuring the percent change in area of the left ventricle from diastole (largest area) to systole (smallest area) in a single slice at the mid-left ventricular level. Mean ejection fraction for the group was 58.1 +/- 15.1% (range 24% to 84%). The ejection fraction from left ventriculography, computed from biplane images using the Dodge (area-length) formula, was 59.6 +/- 12.3% (range 28% to 77%). There was an excellent correlation between left ventricular ejection fraction by CT and ventriculography (r = 0.91, y = 1.1x - 8.5, p less than 0.001). This study demonstrates that ultrafast CT can provide an accurate measure of left ventricular ejection fraction by simple methodology.
Authors:
S Rich; E V Chomka; R Stagl; J G Shanes; G T Kondos; B H Brundage
Related Documents :
6137086 - Can right ventricular performance be assessed by equilibrium radionuclide ventriculogra...
23665986 - Effect of lifestyle modifications on diastolic functions and aortic stiffness in prehyp...
21696836 - An alternative approach to understanding the pathophysiological mechanisms of chronic h...
7215366 - Validity of different gated equilibrium blood pool methods for determination of left ve...
12019276 - Aldosterone is produced from ventricles in patients with essential hypertension.
17802696 - Survival after acute necrotizing eosinophilic myocarditis complicating a massive left v...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American heart journal     Volume:  112     ISSN:  0002-8703     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Heart J.     Publication Date:  1986 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-09-17     Completed Date:  1986-09-17     Revised Date:  2006-02-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370465     Medline TA:  Am Heart J     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  392-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Diatrizoate / diagnostic use
Diatrizoate Meglumine / diagnostic use
Drug Combinations / diagnostic use
Female
Heart / radiography*
Heart Catheterization
Heart Diseases / radiography
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Stroke Volume*
Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Drug Combinations; 117-96-4/Diatrizoate; 131-49-7/Diatrizoate Meglumine; 8064-12-8/urovision

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Left ventricular pressure/volume relationship in coronary artery disease.
Next Document:  The triglyceride issue: a view from Framingham.