Document Detail

Determination of haloacetic acids in water by ion chromatography--method development.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10367389     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The microextraction/ion chromatographic (IC) method developed in this study involves extraction of 9 haloacetic acids (HAAs) from aqueous samples (acidified with sulfuric acid to a pH of < 0.5 and amended with copper sulfate pentahydrate and sodium sulfate) with methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), back extraction into reagent water, and analysis by IC with conductivity detection. The separation column consists of an Ion Pac AG-11 (2 mm id x 50 mm length) guard column and an Ion Pac AS-11 (2 mm id x 250 mm length) analytical column, and the concentration column is a 4 mm id x 35 mm length Dionex TAC-LP column. Use of the 2 mm id Dionex AS-11 column improved detection limits especially for trichloracetic acid (TCAA), bromodichloroacetic acid (BDCAA), dibromochloroacetic acid (DBCAA), and tribromoacetic acid (TBAA). The peak interfering with BCAA elutes at the same retention time as nitrate; however, we have not confirmed the presence of nitrate. Stability studies indicate that HAAs are stable in water for at least 8 days when preserved with ammonium chloride at 100 mg/L and stored at 4 degrees C in the dark. At day 30, recoveries were still high (e.g., 92.1-106%) for dichloroacetic acid (DCAA), BCAA, dibromoacetic acid (DBAA), trichloroacetic acid (TCAA), BDCAA, and DBCAA. However, recoveries of monochloroacetic acid (MCAA), monobromoacetic acid (MBAA), and TBAA were only 54.6, 56.8, and 66.8%, respectively. Stability studies of HAAs in H2SO4-saturated MTBE indicate that all compounds except TBAA are stable for 48 h when stored at 4 degrees C in the dark. TBAA recoveries dropped to 47.1% after 6 h of storage and no TBAA was detected after 48 h of storage. The method described here is only preliminary and was tested in only one laboratory. Additional research is needed to improve method performance.
V Lopez-Avila; Y Liu; C Charan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of AOAC International     Volume:  82     ISSN:  1060-3271     ISO Abbreviation:  J AOAC Int     Publication Date:    1999 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-07-15     Completed Date:  1999-07-15     Revised Date:  2013-01-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9215446     Medline TA:  J AOAC Int     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  689-704     Citation Subset:  IM    
Midwest Research Institute, Mountain View, CA 94043, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Acetates / analysis*
Chromatography / methods*
Copper Sulfate
Drug Stability
Hydrocarbons, Brominated
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Indicators and Reagents
Quality Control
Reproducibility of Results
Sulfuric Acids
Trichloroacetic Acid / analysis
Water / chemistry*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Acetates; 0/Chloroacetates; 0/Hydrocarbons, Brominated; 0/Indicators and Reagents; 0/Sulfates; 0/Sulfuric Acids; 0YPR65R21J/sodium sulfate; 71133-14-7/bromodichloroacetic acid; 75-96-7/tribromoacetic acid; 76-03-9/Trichloroacetic Acid; 7732-18-5/Water; 7758-98-7/Copper Sulfate; O40UQP6WCF/sulfuric acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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