Document Detail

Determination of discretionary salt intake in an iodine deficient area of East Java-Indonesia using three different methods.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16837429     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
As salt is a potential vehicle for delivering iodine to a population, study on salt intake is important. Many methods have been used to measure iodised-salt intake, but the methods were suspected to be inaccurate. A new method, called a lithium-marker technique, has been considered as suitable and safe; hence it has been proposed as a gold standard for measuring the actual salt intake of an individual. We conducted a study to determine discretionary salt intake using the lithium marker technique. The study shows that the total salt intake for children (N = 15) and mothers (N = 15) were 5.4+/-2.1 g/d and 5.8+/-1.7 g/d respectively in which 48.5+/-17.1% and 50.5?17.3% were discretionary salt. The discretionary salt intake measured using lithium marker (2.53 +/- 1.2 g/d for children and 2.99 +/- 1.5 g/d for mother) were significantly lower than using 24-hour salt recall (7.01+/-2.44 g/cap/d) and salt weighing (6.00+/-1.8 g/cap/d) (p<0.001). In conclusion, the discretionary salt intake by 24-hour salt recall and salt weighing were over estimated as compared to the lithium-labelled salt measurement. It is recommended that the level of iodine fortification in salt be increased up to 80-100 ppm of KIO3 to provide iodine intake of 150 microg/d.
Annasari Mustafa; Siti Muslimatun; Juliawati Untoro; Maria C P J Lan; Yohanes Kristianto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0964-7058     ISO Abbreviation:  Asia Pac J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-07-13     Completed Date:  2006-11-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9440304     Medline TA:  Asia Pac J Clin Nutr     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  362-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Nutrition, Ministry of Health of Indonesia, Malang, East Java, Indonesia.
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MeSH Terms
Infant, Newborn
Iodine / administration & dosage*,  chemistry,  deficiency*
Lithium / analysis,  urine
Sodium Chloride / urine
Sodium Chloride, Dietary / administration & dosage*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sodium Chloride, Dietary; 0/iodized salt; 7439-93-2/Lithium; 7553-56-2/Iodine; 7647-14-5/Sodium Chloride

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