Document Detail

Determination of daily dietary intake of chromium by duplicate diet sampling: in vitro availability study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18478480     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Intake of chromium was estimated using a duplicate diet sampling method of 108 meals (36 breakfasts, 36 lunches and 36 dinners) from the restaurant of the Hospital of Motril (S.E. Spain), corresponding to 36 consecutive days. Total and dialyzable Cr levels were measured by a validated electro-thermal atomic absorption spectrometry (ETAAS) method. A mean Cr fraction of 26 +/- 12 microg meal (-1) was found. The Cr uptake from meals was directly and significantly (p < 0.001) correlated with their macronutrient (carbohydrates, fibre and protein) content. Cereals and cereal by-products, legumes, dry fruits, meat, potatoes, dairy products and seafood are the primary sources of Cr. The mean Cr fraction dialyzed through dialysis tubing was 1.2 +/- 1.1 microg meal(-1) (4.6 +/- 3.8% as mean Cr dialysability). Cr intake for breakfasts was significantly lower (p < 0.001). A correlation between the logarithmic data of total and dialyzable fraction of Cr in meals (p = 0.020) was found and dialysis ratio enhancement and, therefore, bioavailability increased with total Cr. The dialysed element content present in meals was significantly correlated with fibre, protein, Fe, Na, I, F, sodium, ascorbic acid and vitamin A levels (p < 0.05). At Fe contents in meals higher than congruent with7.5 mg meal(-1) the net absorption of Cr decreased significantly. The mean Cr daily dietary intake (DDI) was 77 +/- 17 microg day (-1) which indicates that no adverse effects in relation to Cr nutrition (deficiency or toxicity) should occur in individuals from the area.
Carlos Velasco-Reynold; Miguel Navarro-Alarcon; Herminia Lopez-Ga De La Serrana; Vidal Perez-Valero; Maria C Lopez-Martinez
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1944-0057     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-14     Completed Date:  2008-10-23     Revised Date:  2009-08-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101485040     Medline TA:  Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  604-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Biological Availability
Chromium / administration & dosage,  analysis*
Food Analysis / methods*
Food Service, Hospital
Intestinal Absorption
Sensitivity and Specificity
Spectrophotometry, Atomic / methods*
Reg. No./Substance:

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