Document Detail

Determination of characteristics of degenerative joint disease using optical coherence tomography and polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16998913     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have demonstrated that optical coherence tomography (OCT) could be used to delineate alterations in the microstructure of cartilage, and have suggested that changes in the polarization state of light as detected by OCT could provide information on the birefringence properties of articular cartilage as influenced by disease. In this study we have used both OCT and polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) technologies to evaluate normal and abnormal bovine articular cartilage according to established structural, organizational, and birefringent characteristics of degenerative joint disease (DJD) in order to determine if this technology can be used to differentiate various stages of DJD as a minimally invasive imaging tool. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fresh bovine femoral-tibial joints were obtained from an abattoir, and 45 cartilage specimens were harvested from 8 tibial plateaus. Whole ex vivo specimens of normal and degenerative articular cartilage were imaged by both OCT and PS-OCT, then fixed and processed for histological evaluation. OCT/PS-OCT images and corresponding histology sections of each specimen were scored according to a modified Mankin structural grading scale and compared. RESULTS: OCT and PS-OCT imaging allowed structural evaluation of intact articular cartilage along a 6 mm surface length to a depth of 2 mm with a transverse resolution of 12 microm and an axial resolution of 10 microm. The OCT and PS-OCT images demonstrated characteristic alterations in the structure of articular cartilage with a high correlation to histological evaluation (kappa = 0.776). The OCT images were able to demonstrate early to advanced structural changes of articular cartilage while the optical phase retardation images obtained by PS-OCT imaging were able to discriminate areas where disorganization of the cartilage matrix was present, however, these characteristics are much different than those reported where OCT images alone were used to characterize tissue birefringence. No evidence of differences in OCT or PS-OCT images were detected between specimens of similar structural characteristics where proteoglycan was judged present or absent by safranin-O Fast Green staining. CONCLUSIONS: The combined use of OCT and PS-OCT technologies to obtain images from a single system is able to demonstrate and discriminate between characteristics of very early stages of surface irregularities not previously reported for OCT imaging, to deep clefts and collagen matrix disorganization for tissue at depths of up to 2 mm with good correlation to histology. PS-OCT and accumulated optical phase retardation images of articular cartilage as constructed from alterations in Stokes vector parameters appear to give a valuable but different assessment of alterations in tissue birefringence and organization than have been reported for OCT images obtained with the use of polarized or non-polarized light sources. This is the first time that alterations in the polarization state of light reflected from within the tissue have been demonstrated to be consistent with changes observed in the orientation and organization of the collagen matrix in advanced stages of DJD. The degree of phase transformation of light reflected from within the tissue as determined by PS-OCT imaging does not appear to be altered by the presence or absence of proteoglycan.
Tuqiang Xie; Shuguang Guo; Jun Zhang; Zhongping Chen; George M Peavy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Lasers in surgery and medicine     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0196-8092     ISO Abbreviation:  Lasers Surg Med     Publication Date:  2006 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-23     Completed Date:  2007-05-08     Revised Date:  2007-12-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8007168     Medline TA:  Lasers Surg Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  852-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Beckman Laser Institute, University of California, Irvine, California 92612, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cartilage Diseases / pathology
Cartilage, Articular / pathology
Disease Models, Animal
Femur / pathology
Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Joint Diseases / pathology
Osteoarthritis / pathology*
Sensitivity and Specificity
Tibia / pathology
Tomography, Optical Coherence / classification*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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