Document Detail

Determination of inadvertent atrial capture during para-Hisian pacing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21665982     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Inadvertent capture of the atrium will lead to spurious results during para-Hisian pacing. We sought to establish whether the stimulation-to-atrial electrogram interval at the proximal coronary sinus (stim-PCS) or high right atrium (stim-HRA) could signal inadvertent atrial capture.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Para-Hisian pacing with and without intentional atrial capture was performed in 31 patients. Stim-HRA and stim-PCS intervals were measured with atrial capture, His plus para-Hisian ventricular (H+V) capture, and para-Hisian ventricular (V) capture alone. The mean stim-HRA interval was significantly shorter with atrial capture (66 ± 18 ms) than with H+V (121 ± 27 ms, P < 0.001) or V capture alone (174 ± 38 ms, P < 0.001). The mean stim-PCS interval was significantly shorter with atrial capture (51 ± 16 ms) than with H+V (92 ± 22 ms, P<0.001) or V capture alone (146 ± 33 ms, P < 0.001). A stim-PCS < 60 ms (stim-HRA < 70 ms) was observed only with atrial capture. A stim-PCS >90 ms (stim-HRA >100 ms) was observed only in the absence of atrial capture. A stim-HRA of < 85 ms was highly specific and stim-PCS of < 85 ms highly sensitive at identifying atrial capture. Stim-HRA intervals of 75 to 97 ms and stim-PCS intervals of 65 to 88 ms were observed with either atrial, His, or para-Hisian ventricular capture without atrial capture. In this overlap zone, all patients demonstrated a stim-PCS or stim-HRA interval prolongation of at least 20 ms when the catheter was advanced to avoid deliberate atrial pacing. The QRS morphology was of limited value in distinguishing atrial capture due to concurrent ventricular or H+V capture, as observed in 20 of 31 (65%) patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Stim-PCS and stim-HRA intervals can be used to monitor for inadvertent atrial capture during para-Hisian pacing. A stim-PCS < 60 ms (or stim-HRA < 70 ms) and stim-PCS > 90 ms (or stim-HRA > 100 ms) were observed only with and without atrial capture, respectively, but there was significant overlap between these values. Deliberate atrial capture and loss of capture reliably identifies atrial capture regardless of intervals.
Manoj Obeyesekere; Peter Leong-Sit; Allan Skanes; Andrew Krahn; Raymond Yee; Lorne J Gula; Matthew Bennett; George J Klein
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-06-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation. Arrhythmia and electrophysiology     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1941-3084     ISO Abbreviation:  Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-17     Completed Date:  2011-10-13     Revised Date:  2012-02-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101474365     Medline TA:  Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  510-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Cardiology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Bundle of His / physiopathology*
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial / methods*
Coronary Sinus / physiopathology
Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac
Heart Atria / physiopathology*
Heart Conduction System / physiopathology*
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
ROC Curve
Tachycardia, Supraventricular / physiopathology,  therapy*
Time Factors
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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