Document Detail


Determination of Benzotriazoles and Benzothiazoles in Human Urine by Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23210804     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Benzotriazole (BTR) and benzothiazole (BTH) derivatives are used in a wide variety of industrial and consumer products and have been reported to occur in the environment. Owing to a lack of analytical methods, human exposure to BTR and BTH is still unknown. In this study, a liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI(+)MS/MS) method was developed for simultaneous determination of five 1,2,3-benzotriazoles and five 1,3-benzothiazoles in human urine. The target 1,2,3-benzotriazoles were 1H-benzotriazole, 1-hydroxy-benzotriazole, tolyltriazole, xylyltriazole (or 5,6-dimethyl-1H-benzotriazole), and 5-chloro-benzotriazole, and the target 1,3-benzothiazoles were benzothiazole, 2-hydroxy-benzothiazole, 2-methylthio-benzothiazole, 2-amino-benzothiazole, and 2-thiocyanomethylthio-benzothiazole. Urine specimens were enzymatically deconjugated with β-glucuronidase and extracted by a solid-phase extraction (SPE) procedure for the measurement of total concentrations (i.e., free + conjugated forms) of BTRs and BTHs. Additionally, a liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) method was developed for comparison of extraction efficiencies between SPE and LLE. The limits of detection (LODs) ranged from 0.07 (2-amino-benzothiazole) to 4.0 ng/mL (benzothiazole) for the SPE method and from 0.04 (tolyltriazole) to 6.4 ng/mL (benzothiazole) for the LLE method. A total of 100 urine specimens collected from Athens, Greece, were analyzed by enzymatic deconjugation and SPE. Benzothiazole and tolyltriazole were found frequently, and their concentrations were on the order of a few ng/mL. To our knowledge, this is the first study on the occurrence of 10 BTR and BTH compounds in human urine.
Authors:
Alexandros George Asimakopoulos; Anna A Bletsou; Qian Wu; Nikolaos S Thomaidis; Kurunthachalam Kannan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Analytical chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-6882     ISO Abbreviation:  Anal. Chem.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370536     Medline TA:  Anal Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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