Document Detail


Determinants that shape public attitudes towards the mentally ill: a Dutch public study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16501885     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The stigmatisation of the mentally ill is considered a well-established fact. To improve negative attitudes among the general public, we need to identify the factors that cause them. Drawing from previous studies, we combined a variety of variables to examine a comprehensive explanative model. OBJECTIVES: We examined a sample of the Dutch public on their willingness to interact with mental patients. We examined a number of determinants concerning their influence on levels of social distance: demographical characteristics of the public, their beliefs about stereotypes of mental patients, their beliefs about causes of mental problems, their familiarity with mental illness. METHODS: We employed a questionnaire survey among two sub-samples of the Dutch public (n = 812, response 33%). RESULTS: Attributing psychiatric problems to structural causes (i.e. causes beyond patients' control and responsibility, such as genetic transmission) is associated with less social distance. Conversely, attribution to individual factors (e.g. drug abuse) related to more distant attitudes. Stereotypical beliefs about mental patients (e.g. untrustworthiness, aggressiveness, causing disturbances) relate to more social distance from mental patients. CONCLUSIONS: Results implied that our comprehensive model explains only a modest amount of variance, but shows that to improve public mental health literacy and attitudes should first deal with the most negative stereotypical beliefs.
Authors:
Job T B van 't Veer; Herro F Kraan; Stans H C Drosseart; Jacqueline M Modde
Related Documents :
18194945 - Reducing stigma by meeting and learning from people with mental illness.
631745 - Characteristics of staff burnout in mental health settings.
19698355 - Does community-based care have an effect on public attitudes toward the mentally ill?
7566825 - Lip service.
24711285 - Epidemiological survey of suicide ideation and acts and other deliberate self-harm amon...
20094905 - Clinical psychologists' firearm risk management perceptions and practices.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2006-01-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1433-9285     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2006 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-03-29     Completed Date:  2007-10-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804358     Medline TA:  Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  310-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Social Work, University of Professional Education NHL, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands. j.van.het.veer@zwo.nhl.nl
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Female
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders* / complications,  etiology,  psychology
Middle Aged
Models, Theoretical
Netherlands
Prejudice*
Public Opinion*
Social Distance

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Current affairs and the public psyche: American anxiety in the post 9/11 world.
Next Document:  Functional interactions of protein kinase A and C in signalling networks: a recapitulation.