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Determinants of regurgitant volume in mitral regurgitation: contrasting effect of similar effective regurgitant orifice area in functional and organic mitral regurgitation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22101150     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Quantitative assessment of the severity of mitral regurgitation (MR) is based on the calculation of the effective regurgitant orifice (ERO), a measure of lesion severity, and of the regurgitant volume (RVol), a measure of left ventricular volume overload. We aimed at evaluating the determinants of RVol in both organic (OMR) and functional mitral regurgitation (FMR). METHODS AND RESULTS: MR severity was quantitatively assessed using the proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) method in 240 patients, 142 with OMR and 98 patients with FMR. By definition, ERO and RVol were strongly correlated both in patients with OMR and FMR (both R = 0.90, P < 0.0001) but the slopes of the regression lines were significantly different (P < 0.0001). This difference remained significant in patients with elevated systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP > 40 mmHg, P < 0.0001) but not in patients with normal SPAP (≤40 mmHg, P = 0.09). In multivariate analysis, independent determinants of RVol were ERO (P < 0.0001), MR mechanism (FMR/OMR) (P = 0.0003) and SPAP (P = 0.03). In patients with elevated SPAP, ERO (P < 0.0001), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (P = 0.03), and MR mechanism (P = 0.03) were independently associated with RVol, whereas in patients with normal SPAP, ERO (P < 0.0001) was the only independent determinant of RVol. CONCLUSION: In the present study, we evaluated the contrasting effect of similar lesion severity in OMR and FMR and showed that similar ERO were associated with lower RVol in FMR compared with OMR. The regurgitant volume is the result of complex interactions of anatomic lesions, LVEF, and SPAP and our results highlight the importance of taking into account these parameters when interpreting RVol values in clinical practice, especially in FMR.
Authors:
Andrea Chiampan; Julien Nahum; Mohamed Leye; Johanna Oziel; Caroline Cueff; Eric Brochet; Bernard Iung; Andrea Rossi; Alec Vahanian; David Messika-Zeitoun
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of echocardiography : the journal of the Working Group on Echocardiography of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2114     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100890618     Medline TA:  Eur J Echocardiogr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Cardiovascular Division, Cardiology Department, AP-HP, Bichat Hospital, 46 rue Henri Huchard, Paris 75018, France.
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