Document Detail

Determinants of reactivation of inapparent Strongyloides stercoralis infection in patients hospitalized for unrelated admitting diagnosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24081104     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Clinical presentation of strongyloidiasis in humans is highly variable, ranging from clinically inapparent infection to life-threatening multisystem disease. The course of infection is dependent on the immune status of the patient. Our objective was to ascertain the clinical characteristics of patients who developed reactivated strongyloidiasis from a primary infection acquired in the past, and to evaluate risk factors that contributed to its exacerbation.
METHODS: We identified 31 patients diagnosed with strongyloidiasis by stool examination at our institution from January 2007 to June 2012. We reviewed their clinical records and selected eight patients whose admitting diagnosis was not suggestive of strongyloidiasis-associated gastrointestinal disease. However, they developed symptoms consistent with strongyloidiasis during their hospitalization, and stool examinations revealed diagnostic larvae.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: We have identified immunosuppressive therapy, viral infection-associated immunodeficiency, alcoholism, and diabetes mellitus as risk factors for reactivation of chronic inapparent strongyloidiasis. Analysis of hemogram data suggests the low sensitivity of hypereosinophilia to be a marker for this helminthiasis.
Anton Rets; Raavi Gupta; M A Haseeb
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Publication Detail:
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1473-5687     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol     Publication Date:  2013 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9000874     Medline TA:  Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1279-1285     Citation Subset:  -    
Departments of aPathology bCell Biology cMedicine, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center dInstitute of Pathology, Kings County Hospital Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA.
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