Document Detail

Determinants of meconium-stained amniotic fluid in term pregnancies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7965219     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study examines ethnic variations in meconium-stained amniotic fluid in term pregnancies, taking into account the role of gestational age, maternal sociodemographic characteristics, and medical risk factors. The study population included black and white singleton live births (N = 14,419) between 37 and 42 weeks' gestation, delivered vaginally at the Medical University of South Carolina from 1982 through 1990. Chi-square and logistic regression analysis were used to examine the association between the independent variables and meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF). An increased risk of MSAF was found for advancing gestational age, indicators of fetal stress, fewer than five prenatal care visits, and > 15 hours labor. After controlling for demographic and clinical characteristics, the risk of MSAF in black patients was approximately 1.5 times that of white patients. The higher proportion of MSAF in blacks could not be explained with obvious risk factors.
G R Alexander; T C Hulsey; P Y Robillard; F De Caunes; E Papiernik
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0743-8346     ISO Abbreviation:  J Perinatol     Publication Date:    1994 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-12-20     Completed Date:  1994-12-20     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8501884     Medline TA:  J Perinatol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  259-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Maternal and Child Health Major, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455.
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MeSH Terms
African Americans
Amniotic Fluid*
European Continental Ancestry Group
Gestational Age
Pregnancy Complications / ethnology
Pregnancy Outcome / ethnology*
Prenatal Care
Risk Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
South Carolina / epidemiology
Grant Support
MCJ000111//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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