Document Detail


Determinants of exercise among children. II. A longitudinal analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9612838     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated that physical activity serves an important preventive function against the development of cardiovascular disease. The recognition that U.S. children are often sedentary, coupled with the observation that physical activity habits tend to persist into adulthood, has prompted the investigation of exercise determinants consistent with social learning theory. The purposes of the present study were to identify social learning variables relevant to children's exercise and to explore the longitudinal predictive value of the determinants. METHODS: Data were collected from 111 families (N = 54 girls, N = 57 boys) who were interviewed in both Phase 1 (fifth and sixth grades) and Phase 2 (eight and ninth grades) of this study. Data from mothers (N = 111) were collected during both phases; data from 80 fathers were collected at Phase 2 only. RESULTS: The results of simultaneous stepwise regression analyses indicated that child's enjoyment of physical activity was the only consistent predictor of physical activity during Phase 1. At Phase 2, child's exercise knowledge, mother's physical activity, and child's and mother's friend modeling/support emerged as predictors for girls. For boys, child's self-efficacy for physical activity, exercise knowledge, parental modeling, and interest in sports media were important. Longitudinally, mother's self-efficacy, barriers to exercise, enjoyment of physical activity, and child's self-efficacy for physical activity were important for girls. Only child's exercise knowledge predicted boys' physical activity. The addition of information from fathers nearly doubled the explanatory power of the predictors for both genders. CONCLUSIONS: Socialization in the family unit exerts a tremendous influence on health-related behaviors such as exercise. The relative importance of determinants seems to differ for girls and boys and the pattern of these determinants appears to change over time.
Authors:
T M DiLorenzo; R C Stucky-Ropp; J S Vander Wal; H J Gotham
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Preventive medicine     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0091-7435     ISO Abbreviation:  Prev Med     Publication Date:    1998 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-08-06     Completed Date:  1998-08-06     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0322116     Medline TA:  Prev Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  470-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Missouri at Columbia 65211, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Child
Exercise / psychology*
Family Health*
Fathers
Female
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Midwestern United States
Mothers
Regression Analysis
Reinforcement, Social*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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