Document Detail


Deteriorative changes of maize, groundnut and soybean seeds by fungi in storage.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12617499     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This paper deals with investigations on fungal infection, moisture content, germinability and deterioration of three seeds, viz., maize (starchy), groundnut (oily) and soybean (proteinaceous) in storage at the locality of Santiniketan, West Bengal, India, under natural condition for 1 year. The airspora of storage environment was trapped using culture plate method. Different species of Aspergillus (A. candidus, A. flavus, A. niger, A. terreus, and A. ruber) were dominant followed by Rhizopus, Penicillium, Curvularia, Fusarium, Alternaria, etc. Seed moisture was maximum in the rainy season followed by a gradual decrease during longer storage. A gradual decrease in field fungi with simultaneous increase in storage fungi accompanied by a reduction in germinability occurred in all seeds as storage proceeded. A gradual loss of carbohydrate (both soluble and insoluble) content in all the seeds were recorded. A loss of protein content was recorded followed by a small increase. Oil content decreased in prolonged storage with simultaneous increase in fatty acid.
Authors:
Kashinath Bhattacharya; Subrata Raha
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Mycopathologia     Volume:  155     ISSN:  0301-486X     ISO Abbreviation:  Mycopathologia     Publication Date:  2002  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-03-05     Completed Date:  2003-03-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505689     Medline TA:  Mycopathologia     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  135-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Environmental Botany Laboratory, Department of Botany, Visva-Bharati University, P.O. Santiniketan 731 235, West Bengal, India. kashinathb23@rediffmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aflatoxins / biosynthesis
Arachis hypogaea / microbiology
Food Contamination*
Food Handling
Food Microbiology*
Food Preservation
Fungi / growth & development,  isolation & purification*
Germination
Mycotoxins / analysis*
Plant Diseases
Seeds / chemistry,  microbiology*
Soybeans / microbiology
Zea mays / microbiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aflatoxins; 0/Mycotoxins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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